Feudal fragmentation is a weakeningcentral state power with simultaneous strengthening of peripheral regions of the country. The term applies exclusively to medieval Europe with its natural economy and a system of vassal relations. Feudal fragmentation was generated by an increase
Feudal fragmentation in Russia
The pan-European tendency of the 10th-16th centuries did not passside and domestic principalities. At the same time, the feudal fragmentation of the medieval Russian state had a number of features that distinguished its character from the Western variant. The first bell for the disintegration of the integrity of the state was the death of Prince Svyatoslav in 972, after which the first internecine wars for the Kiev throne began between his sons. The last ruler of the united Kievan Rus is the son of Vladimir Monomakh, Prince Mstislav Vladimirovich, who died in 1132. After his death, the state was finally divided into patrimonies by heirs and never again rebelled in its former form.
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As for the features of domestic decay,then it lies primarily in the so-called lästvichesky system, in which, after the death of the ruler, the throne passed to his younger brother, and not to his eldest son, as it was in Western Europe (Salic Law). This, however, became the cause of multiple internecine conflicts between the sons and nephews of the Russian dynasty of the XIII-XVI centuries. The Russian lands in the period of feudal fragmentation began to constitute a number of large independent principalities. The rise of local noble families and princely courtyards gave Rus the emergence of the Novgorod Republic, the rise of the Galitsko-Volyn and Vladimir-Suzdal principalities, the creation and elevation of Moscow. It was the Moscow princes that destroyed feudal fragmentation and created the Russian kingdom.