European law is a system of civil andprivate law, resulting from the cooperation of European countries. In general, it has its own history and origins in two systems - the Roman and British Empire. It must be said that it is considered an international tradition and is presented as a universal system. In general, all legal systems in the modern world, as a rule, are based on three basic principles: civil, common, religious law. However, the legal system of each country is primarily determined by its unique history and, accordingly, includes individual variations.
Historically, European law has been associated withChristianity, statehood, education, ideas about free trade and human rights. The creations of medieval legal scholars were developed on the basis of the code of Roman civil law, known as Corpus iuris civilis (or the Codification of Justinian). In England, the Middle Ages, judges had more power than their colleagues on the continent, and developed a system of precedents.
Initially, European law was one commonsystem in most of Europe, and for a long time it determined the positions of power. However, with the strengthening of nationalism in the Scandinavian countries in the 17th century, and then during the French Revolution, the common European law was divided into separate national systems. These changes led to the development of separate national codes, of which the Napoleonic Code, the German and the Swiss, had a great influence. Civil law included many ideas related to the Enlightenment.
Sources of European law - the main,secondary and additional right. In the first case, the main source are the agreements on the creation of the EU. In the second - legal documents based on treaties, conventions and agreements. The Council of the EU may, in accordance with an international treaty, establish a secondary law in order to achieve the purpose set forth in it. In the third - the laws of the Court of the European Union, MP, the general principles of EU law.
The legal order created by the EU has become integralpart of politics and society as a whole. Every year, thousands of decisions are made on the basis of EU treaties that affect the countries and the lives of their citizens. Individuals are not only citizens of their country, city or region, they are EU citizens.