The number of words, without which it is difficult to imagine a literate, logically properly constructed speech, include pronouns.
A pronoun - what is this?
The peculiarity of pronouns is that they are usedin sentences for the replacement of independent (nominal) parts of speech: nouns, adjectives, numerals, and sometimes adverbs. By grammatical meaning, morphological and syntactic features all pronouns are divided into several categories. The determining pronoun helps clarify the object or feature in the sentence or context. An example of its use: "Each from cups their features and stood on his place ". Or "Vladimir decided that all will make himself".
What are the attributive pronouns?
The list of determining pronouns is small: this is the use in various forms of well-known words Everyone, every, most, himself, another, another, all, any. To this category are also rarely used all manner of and obsolete every. They will help to concretize the meaning that each named determative pronoun denotes, examples.
- «Any (every) the apple was selective "- with the help of these pronouns (they are interchangeable) one item from a number of similar ones stands out.
- «All the guests seemed very surprised "- the speech in the proposal is about the totality of persons considered as something indivisible.
- "Arkady came to the station himself"- this pronoun refers to the person who performs the action.
- "Take another (other) book "- that is, different from this.
Although sometimes the listed pronouns can have other meanings. For example:
- Take the road any (i.e. any) magazine - it will help pass the time.
- To everyone the person (generalizing connotation) needs family and care.
- It turned out himself (intensifying value) Bekhterev.
In addition, sentences with definitive pronouns can also include words most or the wholeFrequently used to form superlative adjectives and adverbs:
- "Her dress turned most well-dressed.
- "In the new suit, he looked more solid of all gathered.
We must remember that the words most and himself are different, although their forms when changing by case coincide: that most magazine - that itself log saw himself - had seen itself. And in the first case, the first syllable will be stressed, and in the second - the last.
Pronouns or adverbs?
In linguistics, the question of such words as is always, everywhere, everywhere and under. Some linguists refer them to adverbs, others distinguish the group of definitive pronouns. Example: "Everywhere traces of the recent robbery. "
Therefore, we must bear in mind that in the textbooksRussian language of different authors approach to the division of pronouns into categories may differ. This must be taken into account when performing tasks related to determining the part of speech in a sentence or context.
Grammatical signs of pronouns
They are determined by what independent part of speech replaces in each case the pronoun.
The general grammatical meaning, as already noted above, is to identify one object or attribute among a number of others.
The presence of number forms (yourself) and kind (all-all, every-every), change in cases (everyone, everyone, about everyone) - such morphological features usually have definitive pronouns.
Grade 6 - during this period, students learnpronoun as part of speech - introduces and with their syntactic function. Since the definitive pronouns most often correlate with adjectives, in the sentence they, as a rule, are definitions, and agreed:
- «Every minute in the world is born a new man. "
More rarely, we are talking about cases where the pronoun acts as a noun or a personal pronoun - subject or addition:
- «Other would have been in his place long ago all understood "- subject and addition.
Proverbs and idioms with definitive pronouns
The ability of these pronouns to be generalized is the reason why they can often be found in the proverb and saying. For example, "Everyone sandpiper praises its swamp ". Or "To each its side is sweet. ”
Definitive pronouns are often included in the composition of stable combinations. Here are the most common expressions: on each step on of all sails all eyes, any pair creatures and others. Many of them have a very interesting story.
So, the expression "scream in the whole Ivanovskaya "originates from the royal times,when the heralds went out onto Ivanovskaya Square, which was next to the Ivan the Great Bell Tower, and loudly announced, that is, shouted, the tsar's decrees. The meaning of the definitive pronoun (examples of the use of this phraseological unit confirm this): the voice was so loud that it was heard anywhere in the square. From here "shouting (yelling) all over Ivanovo" - very loudly, so that everyone can hear.
Thus, the definitive pronouns -a very interesting part of speech, which allows one to briefly, without further ado, express one’s thought and focus on the semantic component of a sentence or an entire text.