In any language, words are divided into parts of speech.Each word is attributed to one of them, based on its general meaning, syntactic role, morphological constants and non-permanent features. Parts of speech are divided into significant or independent, official and interjections.
Depending on the characteristics, the mainparts of speech. There are only ten of them: noun, adverb, numeral, adjective, pronoun, verb, preposition, union, as well as interjection and particle (participles and gerunds in some classifications are considered as verb forms).
Pronouns in Russian include words fromwhich have no intrinsic significance. They replace other types of words - the adjective, the noun, the adverb and the numeral. Never a pronoun can name those to whom it relates. Therefore, the pronoun is an independent part of speech, which points to objects without naming them. The questions on which pronouns respond are different: who? what? whose? how? which one?
There are certain types of pronouns.The classification of these parts of speech depends on their meaning, the nature of the connection with other words. In total nine types of pronouns are distinguished: personal, the word "oneself" is recurrent, possessive, interrogative, relative, determinative, indefinite, negative and indicative.
Pronouns, which are called personal, canreplace nouns: I, we, you, you, you, he, she, it, they. The demonstrative pronouns in the Russian language distinguish a specific feature or object: the one, such, this, etc. The possessive pronouns indicate belonging: it, it, mine, yours, etc. The negative ones deny anything: nothing, nobody, nobody, no, etc. .
Undefined denote an object orsign: several, some, somebody, something, etc. The determinative specify what kind of object this is: the other, himself, any, always, etc. Interrogatives are put in sentences, in which there is a question: who? whose? what? which the?
Relative pronouns are used incomplex sentences, where they serve to connect its parts to each other: who, who, what, what. The return pronoun refers to the person in question: himself.
All these kinds of pronouns are constantly usedin the modern Russian language. What is the main difference of pronouns from other parts of speech known to us? Adjective, noun, adverb and numerals are called an object, a sign and a quantity, and pronouns in the Russian language only indicate this, but do not call anything. It is indisputable that pronouns can replace parts of speech, therefore they are pronouns-numerals (as much as they are), pronouns-nouns (I, they, somebody, nothing, etc.), pronouns-adverbs (where, there) and adjectives ( my, who, most, etc.). These kinds of pronouns must be considered in relation to certain parts of speech.
For example, demonstrative pronouns in the Russian language, identifying, possessive, interrogative-relative and indefinite are included in the category of adjective pronouns: they designate a characteristic.
All considered types of pronounscommon and necessary for communication. This is a necessary part of the speech, because without it no language can exist, be it Russian, English, Spanish or any other language. In the science of studying the history of the development of languages, it is said that it is impossible to not use pronouns in our speech, we constantly use them - that's why they, as part of the speech, are necessary. They stand in third place after the noun and verb name. From this we can conclude that pronouns diversify our everyday not only spoken but also literary speech.