/ / Do you know what a pronoun is? And what about German?

Do you know what a pronoun is? And what about German?

We are not at all surprised that at birth, children do not know how to speak, and by the year they have spoken their first words, to three - related sentences, to six - learn to read and write.

what are pronouns

We may well not have an idea ofgrammar of the native language, but at the same time freely communicate with it. Perhaps, if you ask people on the street about what a pronoun is, the majority at best will say "I, you ...". And this does not in the least interfere with them in life.

However, the situation is different with the study offoreign language. For a logical understanding of the rules, it is simply necessary to know the answer to the question "what is a pronoun and other parts of speech?" And then we learn that, it turns out, pronoun Is a word that is not called an objector its signs, but point to it. Without them, it is simply impossible to avoid any conversation, much less in a written speech, where the tautology is even more visible, because pronouns serve as a substitute for other nominal parts of speech - noun, adjective, numerals.

According to statistics, 30% of our oral and 20% writtenspeech consists only of pronouns, and in the most detailed grammatical reference books of the Russian language, pronouns number 20 digits. However, in the table, for simplicity of understanding, only the main classes of pronouns of the Russian language are presented, as well as examples for each of them.

Basic classes of pronouns in Russian
No.The class of pronounsExamples
1PersonalI, you, we
2Returnableyourself
3Possessivemy, your, his, them
4Undefinedsomewhere, someone, anything
5Negativenowhere, no one, never
6Interrogative-relativewhere, when, what
7With a value of "not this"other otherwise
8Indicativethis, that, so, so
9Strengtheninghimself, most
10Universalityall, all, everywhere
11Reciprocalone to another, to one another

declension of pronouns in German
Pronouns in Russian and German almostcompletely coincide, more often confusion arises with their kind, because German and Russian nouns, denoting the same thing, sometimes have a completely different kind. Therefore, there is no need to explain once again what a pronoun is in German. It is better to pay attention to declination pronouns. In German, each class has its own characteristics, as, indeed, in Russian, we just do not think about it.

Personal pronouns
CaseIyouheitshe isweyoutheyYou
NominativichbeforeepeusiewirihrsieSie
GenitivmeinerdeinerseinerseinerihrerunsereuerihrerIhrer
DativpeacedirihmihmihrunsereuchihnenIhnen
AkkusativmichdichihneusiewireuchsieSie

possessive pronouns in German
As can be seen from the table, the endings in the cases of personalpronouns in German and in Russian almost completely. At the same time, their declension resembles a definite article, and as for the genitive case, which is difficult to memorize, it is practically not used. Derived from personal pronouns are possessive pronouns. In German, everything here is even more logical than in Russian: their endings are like the declination of a definite article, and in the plural - an indefinite article.

Possessive pronouns
CaseMasculinumFemininumNeutrumPlural
Nominativmein Munddeine Nasesein körperunsere Auge
Genitivmeineu Mundeudeinep Naseseineu Körperfromunserep Auge
Dativmeineat Munddeinep Naseseineat Körperunseren AugeMr.
Akkusativmeinen Munddeine Nasesein körperunsere Auge

Now that we have learned what a pronoun is andhow they change in cases and childbirth, and also learned this information, the topic of declension will definitely go much easier, and over time we will not have any problems with the use of endings in oral speech and in writing.