Types of subordinate relationships, members of the proposal,analysis of sentences, means of communication of sentences - all this is the syntax of the Russian language. The determinative subordinate is an example of one of the most difficult topics in the study of Russian syntax.
Addition clause: definition
An integral part of a complex sentence is a clause. A clause is the part of a complex sentence that is dependent on the main one. White snow lay in the fields as they drove to the village. Here is the main offer There was snow in the fields. He asks a question for the dependent part: lay (when?) when they went to the village. The clause is a separate sentencesince it has a predicative basis. However, contacting the main member semantically and grammatically, it cannot exist independently. This distinguishes the main part of the complex sentence from the subordinate clause. Thus, the subordinate clause is part of a complex sentence, dependent on the main part.
Addition clause: types
In the syntax of the Russian language, there are four types of subordinate clauses. The type of the dependent part is determined by the question asked from the main sentence.
|Definitive||From one word in the main sentence a question is asked which one?||At that time he led the ensemble, where he played Ilyin. (ensemble (how?) where Ilyin played)|
|Explanatory||From one word in the main sentence the question of an indirect case is asked: what what than? about what? who? to whom? by whom? about whom?||Imagine how happy she will be! (imagine (what?) how she will be happy)|
|Circumstantial||From one word in the main sentence the question is asked: Where? when? from where as? what for? other||He acted the way cowards do. (acted (how?) as panties do)|
|Connecting||From the whole main sentence any question is asked.||There was a strong wind, and why flights were canceled. (flights were canceled (why?) because there was a strong wind)|
It is correct to determine the type of the subordinate clause - the task that the student faces.
Attributive definitive sentence
Complex sentence (SPP) withthe decisive clauses, examples of which are given in the table, consist of two or more parts, where the main part is characterized by the clause. The definitive part refers to one word from the main sentence. It is either a noun or a pronoun.
Additional determinative: features
There are some features in the CSE with clauses. Examples from the table will help to understand.
|The attributive clause joins the main clause, usually with a union word (whose, which, what, where, what and others).|
He was shocked by the picture (what?) That hung in the living room.
The city (which?), Where magnolias grow, was remembered by him forever.
|In the main part of the SPP can be associated with allied words indicative pronouns one and others.|
In the city (which one?) Where we rested, there are many historical monuments.
From the apple orchard there was such a scent (what?), Which happens only on warm May days.
|The attributive determinative should follow immediately after the word being defined.|
The photo (what?) That was in his notebook was presented to him by Olga.
The day (what?), When they met, remembered everything.
|The attributive determinative (examples of sentences with the allegory which the) can be separated from the main word by other members of the sentences.|
The room within which the gallery was located was well lit.
In the evenings in the resort town could be heard the sound of the sea, against which shouted gulls.
In complex sentences with subordinate clausesThe determinative part is another feature. If in the main part of the NGN the subject or the nominal part of the composite nominal predicate is expressed by a definitive or demonstrative pronoun on which the dependent definitive part depends, then this part is called correlative (pronoun-definitive). That is, sentences in which there is a pronoun relation in the main part and in the dependent word in the dependent part are sentences where there are pronoun-definitive subordinates.
Examples: He was told only what was nis necessary (the ratio is + what). The woman swore so loudly that she heard the whole square (the ratio is so + what). The answer was what the question was. (a ratio such + how). The captain's voice was so loud and strict that the whole part was immediately heard and built. (the ratio is + what). A distinctive feature of pronominal pronouns is that they can precede the main clause: Those who were not at Baikal did not see the true beauty of nature.
Additional determinative: examples from fiction
Variants of complex sentences with an accessory part are many.
A.S. Pushkin: One minute the road skidded, the neighborhood disappearedin the mist (what?) ..., through which white flakes flew in the snow ... Berestov answered with the same diligence (how?), with which the chain bear bows to the gentlemen at the order of his leader.
T. Dreiser: We can only console ourselves with the thought (what?) That human evolution will never cease ... It was flooded with feelings (which?) That the rejected experienced.
The adjective definitive sentence (examplesfrom the literature illustrate this) introduces an additional connotation of the meaning of the main word, possessing a broad descriptive ability, allows the author of the work to describe this or that object in a colorful and reliable way.
Violation of sentence construction
In the examination work on the Russian language there are tasks where the definitional subordinate is incorrectly used. An example of a similar task: HThe innovator came to the city, which was responsible for financing the project. In this proposal, due to the separation of the clause from the main, a semantic shift occurred.
|Example||Error characteristics||Corrected version|
|She was rescued by whom she helped in the past.||Unreasonable omission of the demonstrative pronoun||She was rescued by someone she helped in the past.|
|Narwhal is a unique mammal that lives in the Kara Sea.||Incorrect alignment of the union word with the main word||Narwhal is a unique animal that lives in the Kara Sea.|
|People opened their mouths in surprise, which were amazed by what was happening.||Logical and semantic links are not followed.||People who were amazed by the action, opened their mouths in surprise.|
Definitive additional and sacramental turnover
Sentences where there is a participial change are semantically similar to a complex sentence, in which there is a subordinate clause. Examples: Oak, planted great-grandfather, turned into a huge tree. - Oak, which my great-grandfather planted, turned into a huge tree. Два схожих предложения имеют разные оттенки values. In the artistic style, preference is given to sacramental turnover, which is more descriptive and expressive. In colloquial speech, the attributive determinative is used more often than the participial turn.