Acute and chronic leukemias are related tomalignant tumors of the hematopoietic system. If abrupt tumor growth of undifferentiated cells has begun, this is an acute form of the disease, and chronic is diagnosed when cancer cells act on immature hematopoietic cells. This type is characterized mainly by a slow course and is more common in the elderly. For several years, a benign progression of the disease is possible. During this period, the number of neutrophilic leukocytes or lymphocytes increases in the blood, depending on the type of leukemia. Leukemic infiltration affects the bone marrow, lymph nodes, kidneys, myocardium, and blood vessels in which leukemic rhinestones and blood clots can form, leading to heart attacks. During the period when the benign course of chronic leukemia is replaced by malignant, blast cell forms (lymphoblasts, myeloblasts, erythroblasts) appear in the blood-forming organs, the number of which quickly increases. The number of leukocytes in peripheral blood also increases rapidly. Blast crisis occurs, which often leads to the death of the sick, but most often the patients die from infectious complications.
Chronic leukemia disrupts normal synthesisimmunoglobulins, leads to a sharp inhibition of the immune system, resulting in a secondary infection, which is often the cause of death of patients.
The symptoms of the early stages of the disease are soWeakly expressed that they can be attributed to the usual fatigue, accompanied by weakness, malaise due to stressful situations, fatigue at work, etc. In the future, infectious diseases may become more frequent, which is caused by a decrease in immunity. All these symptoms are so common that chronic leukemia can remain undiagnosed for a long time.
При диагностировании данного заболевания ни в In no case can you self-medicate! One can only pay special attention to maintaining the protective functions of the body, improving immunity and minimizing stressful situations. With proper organization of the regimen, healthy nutrition, the disease may not manifest itself for a long period, and the general condition and the ability to work remain normal for a long time.
Chronic leukemia is diagnosed using a general and biochemical blood test. After confirmation of the disease, bone marrow puncture is performed.
Effective treatment is antitumorchemotherapy and radiation therapy. With a successful outcome, the disease can go into remission, the symptoms disappear, and the patient can return to normal life. In chronic myeloid leukemia, bone marrow transplantation is effective. At the same time, all his cells are first destroyed with the help of radiation therapy, and then restored by transplantation from a donor.
- the presence of hereditary chromosomal defects;
- effects on the body of radiation;
- the effect of chemical factors (drug abuse in the treatment of other cancers);
- frequent infectious viral diseases (chronic lymphocytic leukemia can develop).
Be responsible for your own health andlife must every man. A timely visit to the doctor and the passage of regular medical examinations will allow you to identify various diseases in the early stages, which increases the chances of a successful treatment.