Causes of the disease
They can have both infectious andnon-infectious nature. The first reason is due to ingestion of E. coli (Shigella and Salmonella). The disease develops in the presence of intestinal dysbacteriosis, in this case the opportunistic microflora in the intestine is activated. Chronic colitis usually has a non-infectious origin. In most cases, the cause is a violation of the quality of nutrition and diet. In addition, similar symptoms are accompanied by other diseases (for example, pancreatitis or dyspepsia). The gastrointestinal tract becomes inflamed after taking certain medicines, for example laxatives or antibiotics. The disease sometimes develops due to food allergy or intolerance to certain foods.
The diagnosis is confirmed by theResearch (irrigation, colony and sigmoidoscopy). When the endoscopic examination revealed swelling of the intestinal mucosa, hemorrhage, ulceration and stricture. Chronic colitis is often complicated by acute intestinal profuse bleeding, necrosis of the intestine (peritonitis as a consequence), gradual narrowing of the affected segment, development of intestinal obstruction.
Treatment of the disease
When the infectious nature of colitis is primarilyaffect the microorganisms that caused the disease. Chronic colitis can not be cured without diet. Food should be divided and "easy", with the observance of diet number 4. It includes low-fat soups, croutons, lean meat and fish, soft-boiled eggs, drinks in the form of green tea, coffee. An important aspect of the fight against this disease is the use of drugs that normalize the intestinal microflora.