The term "certificate" in Latinmeans "done right". In the modern world, in the conditions of market relations, subjects often face difficulties in assessing the quality, as well as the reliability of their products. According to international experience, a tool that guarantees the conformity of the qualitative component of the product to all requirements is certification. Also, this is a set of activities conducted to confirm the documentation that the products meet standards, regulations or other normative documents.
Foreign firms spend a lot of money onproving to the consumer that their products are of the highest quality. Sometimes such costs are comparable to the money that was spent to achieve this level of the product. Why is this happening? Because the certification of products is an effective means to promote the development of trade and economic ties of the country, helping to promote the released items to the external and domestic market. It also allows them to be fixed there for a long time.
Certification of products isan integral part of protecting the market from unsuitable products. Safety, protection of health and the environment led to the need to establish the responsibility of the producer, supplier, seller for the introduction of low-quality products in the turnover. In addition, there is a goal to establish mandatory minimum requirements, which relate to the properties of goods brought into circulation.
In order for products falling into the regionlegislative regulation, has been put into circulation, it is necessary to officially confirm its compliance with the requirements of a third party. The certification bodies conduct identification, certification, issue licenses and certificates, and perform inspection control. Such organizations must be accredited by the State Standard of Russia, which confirms the right to carry out the selected activity.
Voluntary certification of productsis carried out on the initiative of individuals and organizations on contractual terms. Its purpose is to confirm the compliance of objects with the requirements of standards, technical conditions, documentation. It is carried out by voluntary certification bodies that are part of the system. They can be formed by a legal entity that registered a sign of conformity in the State Standard.