Not so long ago, the priority of visitingpreschool children's institution was preparing a child for school. Before the educator the task was set to teach the child to read and write. But now, in the age of information technology, everything has changed. Thus, a number of changes were made in the GEF, according to which the future student should leave the DOW walls adapted to the school system, the person is harmonious and developed, ready for all difficulties.
In accordance with this, the classes are adjusted underinnovations. In order to achieve this, an introspection of an occupation by a preschool at the Federal State Educational Establishment is conducted. The effectiveness and success of educational work, which must meet new requirements, depends on this person alone. Its purpose is to give knowledge, skills, inculcate appropriate skills.
A teacher is a creative profession and at the same timerequiring high professionalism. Therefore, the majority of teachers and employees of Dow improve their qualifications, improve their activities, an important factor in the effectiveness of which is the proper conduct of self-examination of the occupation with children.
Specialists who have just come to work in a preschool institution often get lost and do not know how and where to start. In this case, the Methodists come to the rescue.
Self-analysis of the classroom teacher DOW for GEF
Such work helps the teacher to determine whether all the tasks have been achieved, to identify the positive aspects, to decide what else needs to be worked on and what to pay attention to.
In order to carry out the analysis correctly, the educator must make a list of questions to be answered in the process before starting work. For example:
- do children understand what the lesson is for;
- are they ready for it;
- what is the form of the lesson;
- how much material is available;
- Are children interested?
- how the material is prepared;
- Does the lesson contribute to creative activity?
After determining the questions the teacher needs to act in accordance with this list.
Stages of work
A sample of introspection of an occupation by a pre-school teacher at the Federal State Educational Standards will help to conduct the work correctly. The plan includes the following aspects:
- Characteristics of the children's group.
- Comparison of the material and the program.
- A task.
- The use of visual aids.
- Stages and sequence of classes.
- The atmosphere in the classroom.
- Children's behavior.
The first thing to do is givecharacteristic of the group. It should be clarified whether any work has been done in advance, whether the possibilities and features of the children were taken into account during lesson planning. Then the material used is compared with the program, age, and the stated goals and objectives are announced. Find out the reasons for failure, success. It is determined how high the didactic material was, visual aids, their aesthetic appearance. Has the structure of the occupation and clear transitions between stages been maintained? Highlighted active methods.
The following is a description of the atmosphere in the class:how enthusiastic the children are, whether positive emotions were present, due to which the kids were interested, who and how often spoke, the reasons for the silence of the others. The form of work is determined: group, collective, individual.
The teacher must analyze their ability to organize children, to establish contact with them, and to characterize the availability of speech.
It is summed up: whether the goal was achieved, whether all tasks were accomplished, what did not work out and how to get out of the situation.
What will help in the work
One of the most effective methods to increaseCompetence of staff is self-analysis of open classes for the tutor of preschool educational institutions. In this case, the psychological factor plays a big role. At an open lesson, there are colleagues and management, which makes the specialist worry. It is in this situation that all the flaws, strengths, which will be indicated by those present at the end of the lesson, are manifested.
Example of a situation
We characterize the self-analysis of the activities of the teacher DOW on GEF. For example, consider the theatrical production of the fairy tale "Turnip". Main objectives:
- teach children to imitate characters, transmit emotions through facial expressions, gestures, movements;
- to ask questions;
- to cultivate friendships, the desire to help.
- organize active participation of children in the game;
- to teach to coordinate actions between themselves (heroes), role dialogue;
- to develop fantasy, interest in the dramatized art.
In the process, you will need the following materials: clothes for heroes, masks, a magic bag, a tape recorder, cubes with the image of fairy tale characters, a phonogram.
Before the lesson, the turnip puppet theater “Repka”, a fairy tale reading, a discussion, and the study of illustrations are previewed.
The lesson begins with the introductory part. Here you need to positively set up the participants. For this game is held with a surprise bag. Duration - approximately 2 minutes.
The main part lasts 10 minutes.Children are divided into "spectators" and "artists." Here you get the gaming experience, the ability to listen, applaud, say “thank you”, convey an image, change the voice timbre, use facial expressions, gestures.
To solve the learning problem, the participants performeda series of tasks. So, in the game with a bag, they groped to examine the objects in it, and identified them in form. These were cubes with the image of the characters, which the children arranged in the order of appearance of the characters. Artists reincarnated in characters, and the audience took their places.
Следует отметить, что при планировании activity a number of principles of learning, choice, scientific, consistent, systematic. A number of methods were used: visual, practical, verbal. The situation was divided into stages. Group, frontal and individual forms were used. The goal is implemented.
GEF requirements for future students
In accordance with the standards, children, leavingpreschool institutions should have communication skills, imagination, be initiative, cultural, with a friendly attitude towards others, with the ability to enjoy other people's successes, sympathize, empathize, not conflict, express their thoughts through coherent speech.
To inculcate such skills, you need to raisethe qualification of a specialist, one of the most important methods of achieving which, is the self-analysis of the occupation of the teacher in the preschool by the GEF An example was given above.