How should I use the "Fenkarol" medication?Instructions for use for children will be presented later. Also from the article you will learn about the purpose for which this drug is prescribed, how much it costs, in what form it is issued, what is included in its composition, whether it has contraindications and side effects.
Description, composition, packaging and form of the medicinal product
You can buy this medication in the following forms:
- Ploskotsilindricheskie tablets of white color,round and with a bevel. The active substance of this drug is hifenadine hydrochloride (10 or 25 mg). Also, the composition of the drug "Fenkarol" for the child includes auxiliary ingredients in the form of sucrose, calcium stearate and potato starch. The drug goes on sale in cardboard boxes, which contain blisters with tablets.
- The solution for intramuscular administration isa liquid (transparent), odorless and colorless. It is sold in ampoules of 2 or 1 ml. An active component of this form is also hifenadine. Also, the composition of the medicament includes purified water and glutamic acid.
Pharmacological features of the drug
How does Fenkarol work?Instruction for use for children reports that the active substance of this drug is a derivative of quinuclidyl carbinol. It reduces the effect of histamine on the human body.
Hifenadine is able to block H1 receptors by activating the enzyme diaminoxidase. According to specialists, this enzyme cleaves about 30% of histamine.
The drug "Fenkarol" for a child is more effective than other antiallergic drugs.
Properties of the antiallergic drug
Through the blood-brain barrier, "Fenkarol" penetrates insignificantly. It has virtually no effect on monoamine oxidase and serotonin in the brain.
The drug is able to quickly removespasms of smooth muscles in the intestines, discomfort and itching for allergies. It retains the normal permeability of blood vessels and capillaries, and also reduces their hypotensive activity, without affecting cardiac muscle and pressure in any way.
Unlike common drugs"Pipolphen" and "Dimedrol", the drug "Fenkarol" for the child does not depress the central nervous system, and in the brain tissues is present in small quantities. If the patient develops a specific reaction to the active substance, then the medication can cause only a mild sedative effect.
Pharmacokinetics of medicament
What pharmacokinetic properties doesdrug "Fenkarol" for children? The instruction (the price of the drug is indicated below) informs that with intramuscular injection the maximum concentration of the active ingredient is reached after half an hour, and when taking the tablets - in an hour.
Accumulation of the drug occurs in the liver, lungs and kidneys. After metabolism, it is excreted along with urine.
Indications for the use of tablets and solution
What is the purpose of "Fenkarol" for a child? This drug is used for allergies (acute need and severe course).
According to experts, the drug in question effectively manifests itself when:
- hay fever, hives, hay fever, allergies to medicines or food, as well as other allergic diseases;
- dermatoses (skin itch, eczema, neurodermatitis);
- rhinopathies of an allergic nature;
- reactions to the allergen, which are accompanied by bronchospasm.
Contraindications to the use of the medicinal product
At what conditions is not prescribed the drug "Fenkarol" (10 mg) for children? The instruction says that a medicament in the form of a solution should not be applied to a child under 18 years of age.
Also, direct contraindications to the use of this remedy are:
- the first trimester of pregnancy;
- allergic reactions to the components of the drug;
It is necessary to observe special care in the presence of diseases of the liver, cardiovascular system, stomach, kidneys and intestines.
Method of administration and dosage of tablets
Appointment of this or that dosage form of the drug should only be an experienced physician, depending on the patient's age, symptoms of the disease and adverse reactions.
Medication in tablets is taken only after meals, washed down with warm liquid.
How is Fenkarol (10 mg) prescribed for children?The instruction says that the given form should be given to a child aged 3-7 years, one tablet twice a day. As for teenagers from 12 years, they are prescribed two tablets three times a day.
If the drug is to be taken to a patient 7-12 years of age, then it should adhere to a dose equal to one tablet three times a day.
The course of treatment must necessarily be agreed with the pediatrician. As a rule, it is from 10 days to 2 weeks.
Now you know how Fencarol is appointed(10 mg) for children. As for the drug in a dosage of 25 mg, then, as a rule, it is recommended to take adult patients 1-2 tablets four times a day. The maximum daily dose is 200 mg.
This form of the drug is also prescribed for adolescents from 12 years of age. For them, the daily dosage ranges from 50-75 mg, which corresponds to 1 tablet twice or thrice a day.
The duration of treatment with such a drug is 10-20 days.
Method and dosage of intramuscular solution
The solution of "Fenkarol" for children (reviews about the drug are described below) is not assigned. It is necessary only for the treatment of adults.
With pollinosis intramuscular injections are prescribed 2 ml twice a day for three days. After that, the dosage is reduced to 2 ml per day (for two days).
With urticaria or Quinck's swelling, the first five days of injections are done 2 ml twice a day. Then injections are carried out for three more days 2 ml (once).
The maximum single solution amount is 2 ml. A day allowed to stick no more than 0.4 ml.
After relief of an acute allergic reaction, transition to a tablet form is necessary.
When using this medicationundesirable effects are extremely rare. If the patient is particularly sensitive to the effects of the active substance, then the following reactions may occur:
- nausea and vomiting;
- dryness of mucous membranes;
- bitter taste in the mouth and indigestion;
- weak sedation (retardation and drowsiness);
- loss of consciousness and headaches.
If the patient has diseases of the digestive tract, the side effects are manifested much more often.
When observing the above reactions or if new ones occur, you should immediately contact the doctor.
Analogues and the price of medicament
The drug "Fenkarol" for children up to one year is prohibited.
If you can not buy this medication, you can replace it with one of the following analogs:
- "Lorano Ott",
- "Treasured Neo,
The price of the antiallergic agent "Fenkarol"depends on its form of release and dosage. Tablets of 10 mg can be purchased for 155 rubles (20 pieces), and 25 mg for 220 rubles. As for the solution, its cost varies between 180-200 rubles.
Reviews about the medicine
Patients taking the drug Fenkarol,leave only good reviews about it. According to the opinion of the parents of small children, this medication rather quickly eliminates allergic rhinitis and swelling in bronchitis.
In rare cases, this drug maycause such adverse reactions as nausea and an unpleasant aftertaste in the mouth. Also the drawbacks of this drug include the fact that it can not be given to a child up to one year.