Winged phrases, they are the same aphorisms - briefsayings, as a rule, have a moralizing or paradoxical character and express an unconventional view of the world, people, human relations, a system of moral and moral values. Often they are presented in an allegorical manner and require some mental effort to understand. And one more distinctive feature of aphorisms is irony. Reading them, we not only sink into deep thoughtfulness, but also smile, and even hardly suppress a clear laugh.
Aesthetics of life by Paul Valery
His original clever utterancespicked up on the fly and with pleasure repeated secular wits. In a society where the developed mind, intellectual abilities and education were valued, the following words were often quoted: "Boredom does not have a face". You can understand them in different ways. For example, that a boring person - colorless, monotonous, fresh. Or that wit does not depend on title and origin and is not always inherent in the powerful of this world.
The poet's clear, intelligent statements often gocontrary to the generally accepted opinion. In contrast to the proverb that said: "Tell me who your friends are, and I'll tell you who you are," Valeria noticed that one can not judge a person by his entourage. After all, it was impeccable in Judah, and he himself became a traitor in the ages.
Many of Paul's cleverart, creativity. And in them he asserted the artist's right to independence, freedom from declarations and the independence of evaluation and perception of works of art. What is worth only such a vivid remark that some works are created by their audience, i.e. their authors adapt themselves to the requests and tastes of the crowd, while others themselves form this audience; create a cultural background and public opinion.
The more interesting are the intelligent utterances of the greatpeople: in whatever era such a person lives, his words will not only outlive the personality, but also many subsequent generations. And they will step far beyond the temporal and spatial boundaries.
So, a wonderful Persian sage, philosopher andthe poet Saadi traveled the native east in the 12th century. Being a subtle connoisseur of human souls, he warned his contemporaries: talk with people in accordance with their understanding! How can one not remember the biblical saying that it is foolish to throw beads in front of pigs. This means that one should not approach a person who is short-sighted, undeveloped, limited to enter into reasoning and high reasoning. You not only will not understand, but you will find yourself stupid! But intelligent statements of great people, uttered before equals, will be appreciated and will constitute the subject of an interesting intellectual conversation. Such a conversation, without a doubt, will be a great pleasure for everyone who takes part in it.
A correct and profound observation left Saadi aboutthe essence of things. He said that if in the dirt and dust to throw a precious stone, then it will not lose its value, even if it is in a gutter. But dust, if lifted to the skies, will remain just dust. This comparison is applicable to people. A different person may be of low origin, but with an innate intelligence and nobility. And high-ranking officials, alas, are sometimes deprived from nature both. But the dust will remain and those who by the will of the case ascended to the heights of power, not corresponding to this situation.
Practical instructions of Hans Sachs
Those who are interested in interpersonal relationships, whosuffers from a lack of mutual understanding with his second half, the statements of clever people on this topic, and especially the German poet and playwright of the 16th century Hans Saks, will be useful.
Stubborn and grouchy wives, he urgedrecommends to be gentle and attentive to husbands. And then the husband too very soon becomes manual. But even husbands should not relax - and they must educate their companions of life, for only "a good wife is fun" and the decoration of a family hearth.
Being an ardent opponent of the perversion of the Christianteaching, ridiculed Sachs in his aphorisms of priests who turned religious shrines and temples into objects of haggling and profit. And now his bold assertions about the greedy crowd of churchmen and about the fact that even the monk are ready to deceive the people and enrich themselves at the expense of Christ are actual.
The Sacrament of Love
Rabindranath Tagore, an outstanding figure of the Indianculture of 19-20 centuries, is known far beyond its homeland. His clever statements about love and life make up the moral and ethical code of modern man.
В противовес половой распущенности и permissiveness, he repeatedly stressed that it is only through abstinence that one can observe faithfulness in love. But it is through this sacrifice that the innermost charm of real feelings is cognized. And Tagore divided love into two kinds. The sublime, "floating in the sky," warms our souls. But more important is the one that seems to be invisible, manifesting itself in daily affairs and everyday trivialities. But it is she who fills the family hearth warmly and sincerely.
And still the Indian poet quite rightly asserted that people from a half-word, half-look, then understand each other when their hearts are filled with love and beat in anticipation of the meeting.
The poetry of life
The beauty of being, the harmony of God's world, is sung inour compatriot Ivan Sergeevich Turgenev. Many of the lines from his prose poems, short stories and novels were divided into quotations. He did not separate poetry as art from life. On the contrary, he claimed that the grass rustling underfoot, the wonderful scent of flowers, the piercing blue of the sky are all manifestations of beauty and life. And exactly where there is beauty and life, true poetry is born.