There is a fairly large number of diseases caused by staphylococcus aureus. What it is? Let's figure it out.
Staphylococci have a fairly widespread in the environment, most of them are constantly in the human body and do not cause any problems. However, under certain conditions, staphylococcus can manifest itself and deliver a lot of trouble. And then the question arises: how to cure staphylococcus and get rid of the problem?
Staphylococcus is not the cause of anyspecific disease. Its manifestation can be quite diverse. Staphylococcal infection can provoke various ailments, which are treated by doctors of different directions. In most cases, this infection causes food poisoning and suppuration. Sometimes such states can be quite difficult.
Staphylococcus can be of several kinds.The most known are: golden, epidermal and saprophytic. In addition, each type of infection is divided into subspecies, which differ in certain properties and cause diseases with various clinical symptoms. Under the microscope, the causative agent of the disease has the appearance of clusters resembling a bunch of grapes. Staphylococci are distinguished by high viability: they are resistant to temperature changes, they are preserved during freezing, they are not afraid of exposure to sunlight, they may not die in a dried state for up to six months.
Symptoms of Staphylococcus aureus
Symptoms of this infection may vary depending on the type of staphylococcus and the disease that it caused.
In most cases there is soreness,redness, swelling of the affected area. Often pus can leave the formed infected zone. The wound can be the size of a small pimple or with a large carbuncle. On the X-ray image or other visualizing methods, deep abscesses, osteomyelitis, pneumonia and other infectious diseases of the internal organs can be seen.
Staphylococcus: what is it and what diseases can occur?
This infection can cause about 120 different diseases. The most common of these are:
- skin diseases - phlegmon, carbuncles, furuncles, abscesses, folliculitis, pyoderma, etc .;
- burn-like skin syndrome - inflammation of a large area of the skin, in which peeling of its upper layer is observed;
- damage to the joints and bones, such a situation is observed when the staphylococcus circulates by blood;
- staphylococcal endocarditis, with a loss of the heart valve and increasing heart failure;
- syndrome of toxic shock - this occurs if a large number of toxins have entered the body;
- poisoning due to the use of foods infected with staphylococcus;
- Staphylococcal brain abscess and meningitis, in this situation, staphylococcal sepsis is diagnosed.
So, staphylococcus. What is it is already known, now we will understand the principles of treating this infection.
Therapy consists in eliminating the causeinfection. In addition, measures are being taken to restore immunity and treat associated diseases. If the staphylococcal infection provoked purulent inflammation, the most effective method is surgical intervention. The use of antibiotics to correct the problem should be justified, since, given the high resistance of staphylococcus to these drugs, this can only aggravate the situation and complicate the course of the disease.
After reading this article, you learned more about an infection such as staphylococcus: what it is, its symptoms and the principles of treatment.