The Arkhangelsk region has enormous naturalriches, reserves, national parks, sanctuaries and other cultural monuments that are under special federal protection. The territory of the region is huge. It includes 107 objects. National parks include Vodlozersky, Kenozersky and Russian Arctic. The status of the reserve is Pinezhsky.
The territory between the Pudozhsky District of the RepublicKarelia and Onega district of the Arkhangelsk region is occupied by the Vodlozersky national park. He, like other reserves of the Arkhangelsk region, is guarded at the federal level. This is the world of primitive forest, lost among civilization. The park is inhabited by many species of birds, animals: lynx, brown bear, wolverine, badger, marten, otter, moose, fox, reindeer, swan-swan, gray crane, goose-goose, owl, large owl, capercaillie, hazel grouse, black grouse and especially valuable large breeding nesting birds of prey, white-tailed eagle, golden eagle, osprey.
All the reserves of the Arkhangelsk region are verypicturesque. But each in its own way is unique. In the Vodlozersky Park, the desert marshes are located and seem to rest. In the park there are many quiet lakes and a ramified river web. The sky seems too close, overhanging. Before our eyes we see the immense distance of Russian nature, which has reserves of the Arkhangelsk region, islands with lonely chapels.
In these parts, nature dominates:wild forest, water and swamps. On the territory of the park there are five residential villages, whose population is about 500 people. Naturally, the reserves of the Arkhangelsk region are to some extent virgin and not inhabited by people. The bulk of the population in Vodlozersky is concentrated in the village of Kuganavolok. It also hosts the administration of the park.
From north to south the park has a length of up to 160kilometers, and from west to east - up to 50 kilometers. The total area of the park is 0.5 million hectares. Popular in these places is water tourism. Especially on the river Ileks, through Lake Vodlozero with the completion on the river Vama. Entering the reserves and parks of the Arkhangelsk region, under special control of the state, the park is developed and open to tourists. It provides services of recreational fishing, guest tourism, horse routes, hunting tourism. International tourism programs have been developed here. The park is one of the objects of the world network of UNESCO biosphere reserves.
In the park's possessions are forests of the European taiga.This is the largest in Europe array. These are dark coniferous spruce forests, bright pine forests, giant Siberian larch. Trees have an average age of up to 240 years, but there are pine and spruce trees, which are already 500 years old.
In the territory of Plesetsk and Kargopol districtslocated an object that is included in the reserves and national parks of the Arkhangelsk region - Kenozersky National Park. It includes the lakes of Kenozero, Lekshmozero and a number of small lakes on the eastern edge of the ice sheet of Karelia. Through the park are dragging - a unique monument of waterways, over which the Russians have mastered this territory. Exceptional value is represented by the historical landscape of Kena Fiber. Here you can see medieval settlements, chapels, boat piers, walk along the road leading through the forest. All this is of great scientific and historical value.
Arctic Russian National Park
Created on June 15, 2009. The territory includes the islands Big and Small Oransky, Gemskerk, Severny, Loshkina, Novaya Zemlya and others. The land area is 632 090 hectares, the water area is 793 910 hectares.
The park has no permanent settlementsof people. The territory is washed by the Barents Sea from the west, which does not freeze completely due to the influence of the warm North Atlantic Current. The park is not far from the mainland, therefore it is endowed with a wide variety of life forms: polar bears, seals, walruses, harp seals, reindeers, arctic foxes. There are 64 species of plants that wake up in a short northern summer. On the Isles of the island, with flat rocks, offspring of about 20 species of birds, 5 of them even winter.
The Pinega Reserve
Who is interested in what reserves there are in the Arkhangelsk region, probably heard about Pinega. It was founded in 1974 and covers an area of 41,244 hectares. Forests - 37,1 thousand hectares, and marshes - 2,600 hectares. Relief:
- flat, marshy plain;
- an elevated hilly plateau;
- a unique karst plain.
Here 53 caves, 83 karst lakes, flowsfast river Sotka, which has rapids. On its karst section the valley is in the form of a narrow rocky gorge and steep banks of 30-80 meters. The climate in the reserve is moderately continental. Summer is short and not hot. Winter is long and cold.
In the nature reserve rich nature:
- 428 higher forms of plants.
- Up to 250 species of lichens and mosses of unique species.
- Forest prevalent in the northern taiga (forest of 72.6% consists of Siberian spruce, 14.96% pine, 6.79% birch.
- 1734 ha occupies an array of Siberian larch aged 200-300 years. This grove belongs to the last in the Arkhangelsk region to ship groves.
Animal world in the reserve is typical for the taiga.In the reserve there are a goshawk, three-toed and black woodpeckers, an owl owl, a waggon, a woodcock. On the banks of the river Sotka dwelling dwells, on the rocky banks buzzards and crows nest. In the tributaries spawns salmon, whitefish, grayling, pike, minnow, perch. In these places there is a viviparous lizard, an adder and a grass frog.