In Russian literature there are many examples,when artists were inspired by historical events and personalities and wrote their works about them. And often it happens that several authors write about one person. So it happened with the insurrection, which was expressed through the image of Pugachev in the works of Pushkin and Yesenin. The writing-comparison on this topic is often asked to write to schoolchildren.
Genres of works about Pugachev Pushkin and Yesenin
Two great poets, Pushkin and Yesenin, each in their owntime took up the task of sanctifying the Pugachev uprising. It would seem that the view of the same events should be the same, but they got a lot of differences. Among other things, the use of different tools for this purpose.
Pushkin used the image of Pugachev in the work"Captain's daughter". It is a historical novel; the book describes a specific historical era. The author from the outside observes the development of actions.
Yesenin chose for his narration the genre of a dramatic poem. He deeply felt the spirit of that insurrection and the personality of Pugachev, he admired him.
We can say that the image of Pugachev in the works of Pushkin and Yesenin finds a difference already from the genres of their works, which is surprising, because both studied almost one historical evidence.
Pugachev in the work of Pushkin
Pugachev in the "Captain's Daughter" Pushkin appearsmore like a leader gang of robbers, rather than the leader of the uprising. He wants to be like Grishka Otrepiev, a cruel adventurer. Ready to kill innocent people who stand in his way. He is fully aware that the uprising is doomed to failure, and from this it behaves like a driven beast.
Nevertheless, even Pushkin can not deny that inPugachev has generosity and kindness. So, for example, he could not harm Grinev, who once helped the leader of the uprising. This is a mature, experienced person, whom people are ready to listen to and are ready to go. It is the versatility of the image that gives life to the hero. Pushkin Pugachev saw this, studying historical documents.
Pugachev in the work of Yesenin
Yesenin also studied historicaldocuments, but his Pugachev turned out to be much more attractive. Yesenin endows his hero with such a feature as daydreaming, Pugachev really wants freedom to enter the Kazakh steppes. The leader of the rebellion of the poet now has a romantic soul. He is very kind and forgives even his friends, traitors, who give him to the authorities.
Slightly spoils the image of Yesenin Pugachevself confidence He believes that he is always welcome. Also in the poem it says that people love him for violence, but, obviously, it is fair, otherwise everyone would simply be afraid of him.
Comparison of the image of Pugachev in the works of Pushkin and Yesenin
The writing on this topic should begin with a review of the images separately, which we did above. Then, already from the ready-made descriptions, it will be very easy to make a comparative characteristic.
Образ Пугачева в произведениях Пушкина и Есенина similar in some character traits. So, they share in common cruelty to the guilty and innocent, as well as sometimes manifested kindness. Both poets find that Pugachev is a strong, extraordinary person, but in Yesenin he is almost a genius. The authors endow Pugachev with the gift of foresight, the hero knows for sure that his attempts to create an uprising and free the peasants will fail.
Note that the image of Pugachev in the worksPushkin and Yesenin has quite strong differences. The most important of these is to understand the role of the Pugachev rebellion. Pushkin did not understand and believed that this was only an isolated case, that the uprising could not have ended differently. Yesenin, on the other hand, saw all Russians in Pugachev, and the peasantry felt a relationship with them, it was precisely a popular uprising. No wonder the author describes so much the nature, as if he connects the uprising and Pugachev with it. In Yesenin he is endowed with a poetic soul, while in Pushkin he is just a clever, but not too deep person.
The reasons for such different opinions
There are several reasons why the image of Pugachev in the works of Pushkin and Yesenin turned out in different ways.
First, Pushkin belonged to the highest,nobility. He looked at this uprising as a threat, a mistake on the part of the indignant and did not understand the purpose for which it was done. He calls this rebellion "meaningless and merciless." Yesenin also grew up in the village, among the peasants, so it can be said that he is from the lower class, from which the rebels came. That is why he is close and clear and the goal, and means. This explains why the image of Pugachev in the works of Pushkin was so negative, and in Yesenin he is much more pleasant.
Secondly, the great poets lived with a difference of one hundredyears old. During this time, the political situation changed, the abolition of serfdom and royal power occurred. At this time, there was a review of all historical events, including the Pugachev uprising. His work was magnified and praised, many works were created on this subject.
Pugachev in history
The image of Pugachev in the works of Pushkin and Yesenin would be incomplete without a historical review. The writing on this topic can be completed with a brief historical background.
Yemelyan Ivanovich Pugachev was born in Donskoyarea and possessed all the features of this Cossack. He always had the special qualities of a leader, as well as ingenuity. After two wars, Pugachev went to the Yaik River and declared himself killed by Peter III there. The place was chosen with intent, because shortly before this there were violent clashes between peasants and the ruling elite in this place. We can say that Pugachev only led this uprising. He was able to assemble a solid army, more than once, but the organization of the army was clearly not enough. As a result, the 9,000-strong rebel army was defeated by only 3,000 regular troops. Pugachev himself was extradited to the authorities by his own associates. He was executed in 1775 in Moscow.
The image of Pugachev in the works of Pushkin, Yesenincan help to better understand the essence of the uprising and the nature of the leader when studying the historical aspect of the topic. In general, such works allow to look at the events from another, human side.