Increase, inflammation of the lymph nodes canbe an independent disease. Most often, this phenomenon indicates an active infection. Why does lymphadenopathy occur? What it is? What symptoms should I pay attention to?
Lymphadenopathy - what is it?
Lymphadenopathy is called a condition,accompanied by a strong increase in lymphatic vessels. A similar term, as a rule, is used by doctors in the process of diagnosis to indicate the leading symptom of the disease.
Depending on the location and number of affected nodes, it is common to distinguish three main forms of this pathology:
- Local lymphadenopathy occurs most frequently. This phenomenon is accompanied by an increase in only one node in a certain area.
- It is much less common to diagnose regional lymphadenopathy. What it is? In this state, several nodes increase in one or two adjacent regions at once.
- In some infections, in particular HIV andtoxoplasmosis, there is generalized lymphadenopathy. What it is? This form is characterized by an increase in many nodes localized in more than three zones.
The main causes of lymphadenopathy
As you know, there are about 600lymph nodes. The main function of the lymphatic system is to protect the body from infections - it is the one that reacts first to the penetration of pathogenic organisms or foreign bodies into the body.
Any infectious disease canaccompanied by an increase in lymph nodes. Bacteria (tuberculosis, brucellosis, syphilis), viruses (HIV, cytomegalovirus, hepatitis), fungal microorganisms (actinomycosis, histoplasmosis) and even parasites (giardiasis, toxoplasmosis) can act as pathogens.
On the other hand, lymph node involvementmay be caused by taking certain medications. In particular, lymphadenopathy often occurs against the background of penicillin, quinidine, captopril, atenolol, cephalosporin.
In addition, her symptoms can signal the presence of cancer. For example, abdominal lymphadenopathy is most often the result of metastasis of a malignant tumor.
Lymphadenopathy: Symptoms and Diagnostic Techniques
Лимфаденопатия может быть острой.In such cases, there is a rapid increase in the lymph node, which is accompanied by swelling and redness of the skin, as well as soreness, which is enhanced by palpation. The chronic form of lymphadenopathy is characterized by an erased clinical picture and the absence of unpleasant sensations in the area of the affected node.
Often, this condition is accompanied by fever, excessive sweating, which increases at night, as well as prolonged fever, enlarged spleen and liver.
Careful diagnostics makes it possible not onlyto assess the degree of damage to the lymphatic system, but also to determine the cause of the increase in lymph nodes. To begin, the patient must donate blood for analysis. In addition, if there is evidence, a chest x-ray or ultrasound examination of the abdominal cavity and pelvic organs is performed. And retroperitoneal lymphadenopathy is quite clearly visible on CT.
Should lymphadenopathy be treated?
It is widely believed that enlarged nodes needheat with warm compresses or rub with alcohol. In fact, all these procedures are contraindicated until the doctor makes a final diagnosis, otherwise self-treatment attempts can only worsen the situation. As for the treatment, the therapy is directed primarily to the treatment of the disease that caused the enlargement of the lymph nodes. Most often, lymphadenopathy disappears by itself as soon as the primary disease is eliminated.