HIV is a systemic disease characterized byimmunosupressive state and the defeat of many systems. The disease proceeds without specific symptoms, develops slowly and steadily progresses. To date, there has not been invented a drug that could completely destroy the virus in the human body, only some drugs are able to stop the multiplication of the virus.
The first signs of HIV in women and men canbe very nonspecific, so people often do not seek help after a direct infection and the virus begins to multiply intensively in the body.
Signs of HIV infection are very difficult to detect in the early stages, because After the virus has entered the body, it can take a long time (months, years and decades).
Considering the auto-genesis of HIV infection is necessarynote that for direct infection there must be a necessary concentration of virus particles, but if the immune system of the body is not weakened, then the first clinical signs can be detected after a long time.
The signs of HIV in women are observed in accordance with the clinical stage:
I. Multiple enlargement of lymph nodes resulting from the penetration of the virus into the blood.
II. First non-specific symptoms:
- a gradual decrease in body weight,
- subfebrile body temperature against a background of complete health,
- signs of acute respiratory viral infection, existing more than 2 weeks,
- damage to the skin, mucous membranes and hair (dermatitis, prurigo, folliculitis, psoriasis, fungal diseases, multiple ulcers on mucous membranes, gingivitis, lichen).
III. Stage of "bright" clinical manifestations
- progressive weight loss,
- upset of the chair,
- defeat of the mucous membranes with candidal infection,
- tuberculosis of the lungs and organs,
- Kaposi's sarcoma,
- severe infectious processes of generalized nature (pneumonia, sinusitis).
IV. Stage of progressive disorders
- Pneumocystis pneumonia,
- cytomegalovirus infection,
- herpes infection,
- mycobacteriosis and progressive candidiasis,
- disseminated Kaposi's sarcoma.
Thus, the signs of HIV in women are not alwaysso obvious, as would be desirable. If a person suspects of possible infection, even a blood test in the early stages will not give a reliable result. It is necessary to carry out the diagnosis at the first visit to the doctor, then after three months and six months. Only in this way can one be sure that the disease has not really developed.
After the virus penetrated the body,there is the introduction of its DNA into the host cell, and then the process of replication of the genomic material begins. Now dividing cells have a pathological genomic structure, i.e. are atypical for the body and can not perform their function normally. When the number of foreign cells accumulates in the right concentration, the first signs of HIV begin to appear in women and men.
More often, with detailed questioning, you can identify the following complaints:
- weakness and fatigue,
- apathetic mood,
- lack of appetite,
- a slight increase in temperature,
- Signs of respiratory infection,
- enlarged lymph nodes starting from the top.
Further, the signs of HIV in women begin to spread in accordance with the above clinical signs, and the condition of patients becomes significantly more difficult.
When a patient seeks help from a doctorfor HIV infection, initially the necessary diagnostic minimum is carried out, and after the diagnosis is made, it is necessary to resort to antiretroviral therapy. These drugs are prescribed for HIV-positive for life, the correction of used medicines is carried out in accordance with the progression of the disease.