Dysentery is an infectious disease,Affects the end of the intestine and provokes severe diarrhea. In adults, the disease is much less common than in children. As a rule, the child is ill older than a year.
Dysentery, the symptoms and treatment of which should be studied in order to determine in time itself or the baby, spreads through the contaminated water. How exactly does this happen and what should I do to recover?
Causes of infection
When drinking contaminated water in the bodygets a dysenteric rod. In its prevalence, this intestinal infection ranks first. Without proper treatment, dysentery can be fatal, and one million people die from it every year. After the body has been infected, a person becomes a carrier of infection. This means that others can get sick after contact or sharing a meal with someone who has already started dysentery. Symptoms and treatment do not depend on the age of the patient. In any case, the bacterium appears on the mucous walls of the intestine, where it releases toxins that are harmful to nerve endings and other tissues. All further symptoms are also caused by toxins that affect the heart, liver, and central nervous system with the course of the disease.
Symptoms of dysentery
First of all, the sign of the disease is discomfort in the abdomen. Incubation
period may take a day, but may lasta week. In total, there are three forms that can take dysentery, the symptoms and treatment in each individual case are somewhat different. Acute dysentery has a colitis or gastroenterocolytic character. The disease can occur in both mild and extremely severe forms. Chronic dysentery is implicitly present in the body for a long time and periodically exacerbated. Finally, there is a form of bacteriocarrier, when a person is infected, but the strength of the disease determines the degree of protection of his immunity. For timely diagnosis, a bacteriological analysis for dysentery is used. At the first signs of intoxication and stool disorders with the appearance of blood, it is worth immediately contacting a specialist.
Treatment of dysentery
The main condition is compulsory hospitalization.
Dysentery, the symptoms and treatment of which remainoutside the control of the attending physician, can lead to death, so the patient categorically can not stay at home. The doctor will prescribe medications selected individually, in some cases it is ampicillin, sometimes furazolidone or nalidixic acid. In complicated cases, intramuscular injections of gentamicin or rifampicin are required. An important point in how to treat dysentery is also the provision of a therapeutic diet. Prohibited foods with a lot of fiber, recommended rubbed soups and porridge on the water, meat or fish in a grinded form. Young children are additionally assigned sour-milk mixes and cottage cheese. As a rule, dysentery, the symptoms and treatment of which was controlled by a competent specialist, passes without a devastating effect on the body. For some time it is recommended to use bifidumbacterin to restore the microflora, which ensures that within a month the intestines will return to normal.