/ / Lymphadenitis in a child: causes, types, symptoms, treatment

Lymphadenitis in a child: causes, types, symptoms, treatment

Bacterial disease that causes inflammationcalled lymphadenitis. It is more characteristic of children. Most often, the lymphadenitis in the child is secondary, that is, it occurs against a background of some other pathology. In rare cases, the primary inflammation of the lymph nodes.

lymphadenitis in children
Lymphadenitis: causes and types

Lymph nodes are organs of the system,It protects the body and helps to remove unnecessary substances from tissues. They are in the groin, underarms, on the neck, under the lower jaw, on the inside of the elbows. In a healthy child they are imperceptible and soft. In an inflamed condition they become visible to the naked eye. Lymphadenitis in a child may be specific or nonspecific. In the first case, it can provoke the appearance of dangerous diseases, such as tuberculosis. However, this type of pathology is more typical for adults. In children, however, nonspecific lymphadenitis is more common, characterized by a specific inflammatory focus, that is, manifested in a particular area. It can develop when pathogens penetrate the lymph nodes, for example streptococci, staphylococci. Often this happens after the transferred inflammatory diseases: influenza, tonsillitis, tonsillitis, otitis, etc. Pathogens get into the body through mucous membranes, lesions on the skin, hematogenous way.

cause lymphadenitis
Lymphadenitis in a child can be purulent andNeoplasmic, and also occur in acute or chronic form. Pathology can affect a single lymph node or a whole group of glands, close to each other located. In case of massive infection, the infection can pass to surrounding tissues and lead to adenophlegmon.

Lymphadenitis in the child: symptoms

Pathology in children is characterized by rapid andactive development. In acute form, the temperature rises, sleep is disturbed, there is a headache, the child refuses to eat, becomes restless. Lymph nodes swell and hurt, especially in cervical lymphadenitis. With purulent pathology, the skin around the affected nodes may become red. Chronic lymphadenitis can be suspected only with palpation. Lymph nodes will be enlarged. However, the child is well.

chronic lymphadenitis
Lymphadenitis in a child: treatment

If the disease is detected at the initial stage, the doctorusually appoints as a therapy physiotherapy procedures, taking antibiotics. To properly assign treatment, sometimes a child takes a blood test. If the number of leukocytes in it exceeds the norm, we can talk about the presence of infection. In this case, the therapy is directed at destroying its source. Compresses can also be used for treatment. If the pathological process is acute, accompanied by suppuration, surgery may be required.

Lymphadenitis in a child: prevention

To avoid the disease, you should monitor thepersonal hygiene of the child, to support the children's body by taking vitamins, to treat timely cavities, to ensure that the baby does not have damage to the skin of the face or mucous membrane of the mouth.