Since ancient times, different nations duringbattles used certain symbols that were supposed to indicate the place of the assembly of warriors and raise their fighting spirit. As a rule, it was a three- or quadrilateral piece of cloth attached to a spear. The ancient Ukrainian flags of the times of Kievan Rus originally depicted Christian saints. A little later, the permanent emblems of various lands appeared, which became the basis for the formation of modern national symbols. This article will look at what the colors of the Ukrainian flag mean, whether it symbolizes the unity of earth and sky, and discuss other debatable questions.
Banners of the times of Kievan Rus
At the time of Kievan Rus one of the symbolsprincely power was zag. It was the banner under which the squad went into battle. In addition, the flag symbolized the united territories. Ancient records indicate that at the time of Kievan Rus the flags had a triangular wedge-like shape depicting princely signs or saints. Mostly these banners were red and were well recognized during the battle. Other colors were also used: white, blue, yellow, green. It should be noted that red is still one of the most popular shades in the color range of coats of arms and flags, especially among Western and Eastern Slavs (Poland, Belarus, Russia).
Ukrainian flags in the XIII-XVI centuries.
At the turn of the XIII-XIV centuries. quadrangular flags appear with a panel on the free end of the spear. Also at this time actively begin to make banners, using compounds of several colors.
In the XIII-XIV centuries. The history of Kievan Rus is characterized by such a concept as feudal fragmentation. At this time, each prince had his banner, which was different from the others.
In the middle of the XIV century.a significant part of Left-Bank Ukraine became part of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, and the Galician land and Volyn were under the control of Poland. In the middle of the XV century. these territories have become part of the Commonwealth. This greatly influenced the heraldic traditions in the Ukrainian lands. Thus, the symbols of the central regions, most likely under Polish influence, most often began to meet white and red colors. And the Ukrainian flags of the western lands adopted a yellow-blue color. These colors became the main symbols of Transcarpathia, Lviv, Podolia.
Flags and symbolism in the hetman period
The history of the Ukrainian flag has more than onecentury. The formation of modern national symbols of the country was greatly influenced by tradition. At the time of the Ukrainian Cossacks, the main color of the symbolism was crimson. It was under the red banner that Bogdan Khmelnitsky led the national liberation war. In addition, the crimson color was the main symbolism of the Nezhinsky and Chernigov regiments. Often on the flags of the times of the Hetman depict the Archangel Michael - the heavenly patron of the Cossacks. In addition, on the banners next to the crimson, there were yellow, blue and green colors, as well as images of the sun, stars and animals.
The history of the Ukrainian flag in the XVIII-XX centuries.
В украинской символике синий и желтый цвета distributed in the XVIII century. Their combination can be found in the banners of the Kiev and Chernigov regiments. In 1771 a new banner was made for the Poltava regiment - blue with a yellow cross. In 1848, Golovna Ruska Rada proclaimed the ancient princely symbol of Romanovich - the image of a golden lion, which rests on a rock, against a blue background.
In the second half of the XIX century, graduallyA junction of yellow and blue stripes is established on a rectangular canvas of the Ukrainian flag. Already in 1914, at the celebration of the anniversary of the birth of Taras Shevchenko, the combination of these colors signified the national character of the demonstrations. It should be noted that at this time the upper band of the Ukrainian flag was yellow, and the lower one was blue. In 1917, the Ukrainian People's Republic was proclaimed. Her government, the Central Council, proclaimed the colors of the national flag yellow and blue.
Approval of the blue and yellow flag
In 1918, after the establishment of the power of Hetman P.Skoropadsky, the national flag was proclaimed blue and yellow. The approval of these flowers as national was testified by normative and constitutional acts of the Directory, as well as the West Ukrainian People's Republic.
Ukrainian flags of the times of the Soviet Uniondifferent from the old. Initially, it was a red sheet with a golden inscription: "UCRR". In the postwar period, socialist symbolism was changed. Thus, the flag of the Ukrainian SSR united in itself two lanes: the top one is red, the bottom one is blue. In addition, at the top of the canvas were a sickle and a pentagonal star.
В 1990 г. на ратуше г.Stry for the first time after a long break, a blue-yellow Ukrainian flag appeared. Photos and news about this event instantly spread throughout the Ukrainian SSR. In September 1991, the national symbol already towered above the Verkhovna Rada. January 28, 1992 blue-yellow flag received the status of the state.
The meaning of the colors of the Ukrainian flag
До сих пор среди ученых, политических деятелей и ordinary citizens there is a discussion that symbolizes the colors of the Ukrainian flag. The official and generally accepted version boils down to the fact that yellow is the embodiment of a wheat field, and blue is the sky above it. However, this interpretation cannot fully reflect the meaning of each of the colors. The opinion that the yellow (gold) symbolizes the Creator, God, the highest essence deserves attention. Blue is all real, earthly. In addition, this color symbolizes the freedom of choice that everyone has.
Существует интересная версия о том, что оттенки Ukrainian flags are two main elements. Yellow is fire, and blue is water. In this sense, it would be right to combine these colors on the modern flag in the reverse order. Some scientists argue that the elevation of blue over yellow violates the divine harmony of the two elements and causes a "catastrophe" in which water extinguishes fire.