In the legislation of the Russian Federation,Considering the problem of support for large families, the concept of “mother of many children” is introduced. A mother of many children is a woman who, in her content, has more than three children at the age not exceeding 18 years.
Benefits for large families are providedFederal law N 81 "On state benefits to citizens with children" from 19.05.95. According to Article 15 of the Law, a mother of many children is provided with material assistance in the form of a monthly allowance, which is paid during the parental leave (accrued until the child reaches one and a half years). This allowance has a value commensurate with the minimum wage and is set at the legislative level. The amount of the benefit is not affected by the number of children being cared for.
Since the days of the Soviet Union were enshrinedlegislatively pension benefits for mothers with the status of having many children. For the first time it was implemented in the Law of the USSR of July 14, 1956. In the Russian legislation, these norms were developed in the laws “On State Pensions” and “On Labor Pensions”. A mother of many children has the right to the appointment of a labor pension at the age of fifty years. At the same time, it is necessary that the children be five or more; the mother of many children should be engaged in their immediate upbringing before reaching every eight years. The insurance period must be 15 years or more. In the absence of the required insurance experience, the pension is granted on a general basis. Separately provided benefits for large families living in rural areas. Mothers of many children, having given birth to five children and having raised them to at least eight years old, retire at the age of 50 years.
No matter where you livemother of many children, she is granted the right to work, providing employment for a week as 2.5, and 2 days. This right is granted at the request of the mother herself and is enshrined in the labor legislation of the Russian Federation.
Benefits and benefits for large families livingin Moscow, provided with more than three children. These families are registered in district administrations, their rights are confirmed by the issuance of a special certificate for a large family. In the same place they can clarify what benefits are granted to large families.
Перечень льгот включает бесплатный проезд детей в public transport, reducing the amount of housing and utilities, the provision of free food and school uniforms, secured the right of priority admission to the preschool institution, visiting exhibitions and museums is offered for free.
The burden of paying utility bills for families with threechildren are reduced by 30%, benefits to large families with 4-6 children make up 50% of the compensation, and the family with 7 children already receives one hundred percent compensation for payment. For large families, a 50% discount is provided when paying for a phone. In families with five children, compensation for public transport is provided for parents.
With the adoption of the Federal Law,envisaging benefits for large families, the whole range of state support measures was combined and developed in one document. Clearly defined criteria by which a large family is determined, according to which the number of children is three people, their age is limited to 18 years (in some cases it is increased to 23 years). The procedure for granting benefits when parents retire is ordered.
By this Law, the upbringing and care of children inlarge families equated to medical and educational activities, respectively, pay a parent who provides direct care for children. Accruals are made until the youngest child is sixteen years old and have a minimum wage.
Particularly in the Law, there is a place to provide benefits in the provision of housing loans, utility bills, medical care and education.