/ / Vertical site layout: basic knowledge

Vertical layout of the site: basic knowledge

Regardless of the features of the relief of any area,intended for building a house, requires a vertical layout. What is its essence and why is it needed? Vertical layout of the site is an artificial transformation, improvement and change of the relief. The main purpose of this layout is to create a surface that would meet all the requirements of the landscaping. As a rule, a vertical layout implies a section of the ground, the organization of gutters, the laying of paths, the softening of the natural relief, the filling of soil, etc. Now consider the most common examples of topography planning.

vertical layout

Vertical planning of the territory will not requirehigh costs from owners of horizontal sites. In addition, this land plot gives a wide choice for the future orientation of the house, the location of green spaces and outbuildings. In this case it will be necessary to create small local slopes near the walls of the building. Mentioned slopes do with the help of the usual ground bedding. Shallow grooves are dug along the entire perimeter of the site, leading them out of the site. This should be done at the edges of the tracks. It should be noted that these works are necessary for any terrain.

If the future house is located on the southern slope,it is worth thinking about creating a garden or vegetable garden. The house is best located at the top of the slope. As for the outbuildings, they are usually placed at the bottom of the site. The vertical layout with the relief described is very similar to the layout of a horizontal platform.

vertical layout of the territory

On the western and eastern slopes of the house islocated near the northern boundary of the site, so it will not obscure the landing. You can also create a garden behind the house, since fruit trees are of sufficient height and suffer little from the shadow cast by the building.

Special efforts will require vertical layout.when lowering the plot to the north or steep slope (more than 20 °). Indeed, during the rain on the steep slopes formed strong water flows, eroding the soil. And on the northern slopes of the plants do not have enough sun and, as a result, they grow poorly. Under such circumstances, there is only one way out: to divide the territory of the site into several horizontal terrace areas, which will create the best conditions for the plants and save the soil from erosion.

vertical layout of the site

These terraces are formed using bedding.soil, creating a platform-strip, which are perpendicular to the direction of the slope. With these works, the slopes of the terraces can be strengthened with large stones, turf or masonry on cement mortar. Plates of turf will not slip from the slopes, if they are strengthened with wooden pegs. Making out the slopes with stones, the latter should be tightly laid in the prepared grooves. The base of the slope should consist of large stones, and the upper part - of smaller ones. Drainage grooves should be placed on the edge of the terraces, then the water flows will not erode the slopes. It is better to place the house on the northern slope at the bottom of the plot, near its western border. When the vertical layout is completed, you can proceed to breakdown the plan of the house.