The Republic of Serbia (the cities will be described below) is located on the territory of the Balkan Peninsula. The state covers an area of 88.5 km², the population is 7 million people.
The capital of Serbia isBelgrade, the largest city in the country. Other large settlements are: Nis, Novi Sad, Subotica, Kragujevac. It is they who are famous for Serbia. Cities that have important industrial, tourist and economic significance, allow the state to maintain a fairly good level.
More than 1 million people live in the Serbian capital.Belgrade was situated in the central part of Serbia, in the place where its tributary - Sava - flows into the Danube. The area of the city is 360 km ². Belgrade is divided into 17 municipalities with local self-government. This is the main city of Serbia.
The relief of Belgrade is hilly, the average height is 116 mabove sea level. The highest peak is the Torlak hill, 303 m high. Belgrade lies within the subtropical climatic belt. The city is characterized by warm winter and hot summer. The average temperature in July is + 21 ° ... + 23 ° C, January + 2 ° ... + 3 ° C.
A bright history of the city begins in the IX century.For the time of its existence the settlement was in the composition of many states. Forty times he was conquered and 38 completely rebuilt after the devastation.
Currently, Belgrade is a major cultural andindustrial center of the state, is among the nominees for the title "European Capital of Culture - 2020". He leads the list, which can be referred to as "Major cities of Serbia".
Novi Sad (New Garden)
The second largest city in Serbia is Novi Sad.Its area is 130 km², the population is 340 thousand people. Located in the north of the republic, it is the administrative center of the autonomous province of Vojvodina. The city began to be built in 1694 as a merchant settlement on the banks of the Danube.
Modern Novi Sad is a high-techA cultural city with a multinational composition of inhabitants. This settlement is of great importance for such a state as Serbia. The cities are all important enough, but Novi Sad - in particular, as the industrial, tourist and other spheres are developing in its territory, replenishing the country's budget.
From the sights here you can find:the library of Matica Serbian (XIX century), the neo-Gothic cathedral on Liberty Square, the national forest park "Fruska Mountain". Since 2000, the international rock festival Exit has been held in Novi Sad, in an ancient fortress on the island of the Danube.
The city is the capital of the Shumadiy District,is located in the central region of the republic. The settlement was built at the end of the XV century. Until 1815 was under the rule of the Ottoman Empire. This town is proud of Serbia! A city like him is simply not there. This feature is due to the fact that Kragujevac is the first capital of Serbia. In the city for the first time on the territory of the state was built a gymnasium, a theater, a court and the first newspaper was published.
Currently, Kragujevac is an advanced city in the production of weapons, cars, auto parts and furniture in Serbia. The population is 194 thousand people.
Of particular interest are the Church of the Holy Spirit (XIX century), the cultural and historical complex "Circle of Prince Milos", the memorial complex "Shumarice".
This city is in the north of Serbia, 10 km fromborder with Hungary, and is part of the autonomous region of Vojvodina. The population is 105 thousand people. The proximity to the Hungarian border affected the national composition of the inhabitants. There are more Hungarians here than the Serbs. In percentage terms: 33% - Hungarians, 29% - Serbs. Also in the city live Croats, Moldovans, Yugoslavs, Gypsies.
The city was founded in 1653., this is one of the youngest settlements of the country, but with no less interesting history. For a long time it was a frontier center, previously it crossed the border of the Ottoman Empire. Prior to 1918 Subotica belonged to Austria-Hungary, and after the First World War the city became part of the Serbian kingdom.
Of the sights recommended to visit:the City Hall, the Reichle's Palace, the Neo-Gothic St. George's Church, the Cathedral of Theresa of Avila. If you look at the beautiful cities of Serbia, then Subotica can be put in the top three of the list.
The largest city in the southern region of Serbia.The most ancient settlement of the Balkan Peninsula. In the city was born the founder of Constantinople, the greatest Roman emperor, who spread Christianity throughout Europe, - Constantine the Great.
Through Nis passed the main transport route from Europe to Greece and Turkey.
At present, about 300 people live in the city.thousand inhabitants. It is the third largest in Serbia. Nis is a major political and religious center of the republic, it houses the residence of the Metropolitan of the Serbian Orthodox Church.