Block Alexander Aleksandrovich - the great Russiana poet who gained fame in the early twentieth century. Reciting the Russian revolution in their works, Blok never tired of dedicating poetry and his only love, which he carried through his whole life.
November 16, 1880 - the date of birth of the poet.
1889-1898 - studying at the gymnasium.
1898-1906 - studying at the Petersburg University. Slavic-Russian Department of the History and Philology Faculty.
1903 - Blok's marriage to Lyubov Dmitrievna Mendeleeva.
1904 - the first book of the poet under the name "Verses about the Beautiful Lady", devoted to the wife is published.
1905-1908 - Alexander Blok's awareness of histrue commitment to the ideas of revolution. All the subsequent work of the poet was associated with the celebration of the bright beginnings of the Bolsheviks. The poet was recognized and highly appreciated by his compatriots.
1907-1911 - Blok's travels through Italy, Germany, Europe. A series of wonderful works was created. "Italian poetry" - an outstanding creation of the poet.
1916 - the beginning of service in the army, in the engineering and construction team.
1917 - work in the Extraordinary Commission of Inquiry. "The Last Days of Imperial Power" is a book written by Blok on the basis of the experience gained.
1921 - Blok's last public appearances before the people.
On August 7, 1921, the poet died of an unknown disease.
Representative of the Russian intelligentsia
The Block's timeline begins inSt. Petersburg. A well-known Russian poet was born in 1880, on November 16 (according to a new style - November 28). The family of Russian intellectuals in which the boy was brought up, from childhood, gave the poet an idea of the beautiful, respect for science and literature. Alexander Blok's grandfather AN Beketov was the rector of the university, the mother of Alexander Andreevna worked as an interpreter, Father Alexander Blok served as professor of law at the University of Warsaw. The block's chronological table includes one serious event in the poet's childhood - the divorce of parents. The child was brought up in the family of his grandfather, surrounded by a loving mother, aunts and grandmothers in the Shakhmatovo estate.
Raised in the works of Alexander Pushkin, V.A.Zhukovsky, AA Fet, the poet began to create from an early age. Already at the age of five, Alexander Blok began to write poems, surprising and pleasing the home. Of course, his first creations were imitation of the read works, but the poetic talent had a clear impact. Over the years, Blok's works were filled with power, he wrote more, in his childhood he even tried to publish magazines. Youthful love was reflected in the poems. Being already an adult, Blok devoted cycles of poetry to women. A beautiful lady - the image that arose in the heart of the poet, was forever embodied in his works. The prototype was Lyubov Mendeleeva, wife and lover of the poet.
The Only Love
With his Beautiful Lady, the poet metwhether not in infancy. Families of the famous scientist Dmitry Mendeleyev and the rector of the University Andrey Beketov were friends, talked, spent a lot of time together. Little Sasha and Luba, who had a year of difference in age, knew each other from childhood - they often walked in the garden, accompanied by domestic or nannies. Growing up, the guys together put on performances, experiencing the same passion and desire for the theater. Shakespeare was a favorite author for young theatergoers. Alexander played Hamlet, and Love - Ophelia. The feeling that has flared up between teenagers has led young people to the logical end of the fastened relationship - the wedding. The chronological table of the Bloc in 1903 is supplemented with an important event: the poet marries.
Having made a proposal in a solemn atmosphere andhaving received the long-awaited consent from the beloved, becomes a married man Blok Alexander Aleksandrovich. Biography of the poet, it would seem, is developing successfully, but in fact the marriage is not quite happy. The poet worships his wife, showering her with compliments, devoting his creations. The most ardent and affectionate lover seems to be Alexander Block. Poems about the beautiful lady and the Eternal wife are dedicated to the beloved woman, but the family life itself crashes. A young wife can not wait for the newly-made husband of the main action, the basis of marriage: Blok does not allow physical intimacy with his wife. Discouraged woman on the wedding night, he explains that she can not be with her, as with a street girl, because she is a beautiful lady for him.
Suffering of Lyubov Dmitrievna
Любаша льет слезы, пытается искать в себе причину her husband's unwillingness to be with her. She sews fashionable clothes, orders expensive perfumes and exquisite underwear, flirts with her husband, in every possible way showing her female attractiveness. But all is unsuccessful. Blok Alexander Aleksandrovich is still true to his ideal. The biography of the poet will eventually be filled with meetings with casual women, a couple of novels with actresses, but the only and beloved wife will remain for him a deity to which he will not dare to touch, so as not to defile his purity. But the question of his wife about how to be both of them further, Blok says that everyone is free in their choice, and they are free to choose their own even if they are married.
The life of the poet
Strange, filled with strong feelings andpassions, but such a shabby life was destined to live the great poet. Only 41 years of fate led one of the best creators of the Silver Age. Alexander Blok's life gave him the opportunity to feel true love, carry it through the years, experience a sense of commitment to the great cause - the poet sincerely believed in the ideas of the revolution, worked closely with the new power that was established in Russia in those years. He was a director of the Bolshoi Theater, he was a member of the Repertory Section of the Department of the People's Commissariat of Education. The Bolsheviks enthusiastically perceived the work of the young poet, calling him the first in Russia.
However, Alexander Blok's poem "The Twelve"caused a flurry of negative emotions among the Communists. The image of Jesus Christ, which the poet portrayed in the work, was not liked by most readers of that time. The chronological table of the Bloc includes the arrest of the poet in times of suspicion and general executions. But at the petition of the influential Blok's acquaintance, all accusations of betrayal were dismissed and dropped.
К концу своей жизни поэт много болел.He lived alone, his wife wandered around the world, playing roles in the theater, which she herself sponsored, owning some savings that she inherited from her famous father. The novel after the novel was instigated by Lyubov Dmitrievna, still announcing in her husband's letters that she loved him alone in the whole world. Before his death Alexander Blok must have understood the enormity of his mistake in marriage - the insistence to go to each of the spouses in his separate voyage. He dedicated one of the last lines to his wife with a plea for forgiveness: "This strand is so golden, Is it not from the old fire?" Passionate, godless, empty, unforgettable, forgive me! " Died Blok in 1921 from an incomprehensible disease - exhaustion, neurasthenia, mental disorder - the doctor never put a single diagnosis.