A lesson is considered one of the main forms of organizationeducational process in high school. In this short period of time, 45 minutes in length, the assimilation of new teaching material, the upbringing of children, their development takes place.
What determines the choice of forms and methods of the lesson?
There are many different forms of lessons, in particular, they differ in the level of creativity. Note that the forms of organization of the lesson and the methods used are primarily dependent on the purpose of the lesson.
The choice of the form of organization of the lesson in the school is alsodepends on the type of lesson. For example, in the conditions of the lesson of control of educational achievements, it will be necessary to give preference to various written works, tests. It is very difficult to use any unusual form of the lesson.
Feature of lessons based on requirementsGEF, is a system-active approach to the assimilation of knowledge. If during the traditional lesson the results of training are presented in the form of knowledge, then in today's lesson, there should be real actions aimed at mastering knowledge. It should be noted that the forms of organization of the GEF lesson suggest active use of information technologies.
Organizational forms of lessons in primary school
The peculiarity of an elementary school is that,that children are just starting their way to mastering knowledge, so it is very important to help them in this and develop a strong motivation for further successful learning.
It is also possible to work in pairs of replacements.Such forms of the organization of the lesson allow you to look at this or that situation from different sides. In this case, a certain problem can appear in a new perspective. In addition, children in primary school need to learn to work individually, because it will help them in future successfully solve educational problems.
Organization of math lessons
Many children remember their lessons for lifemathematics as something very boring and dull. That they do not have such an impression, it is worth trying to use non-traditional forms of organizing a lesson in mathematics. They will help diversify the learning process, make it more exciting. However, one should not get too involved in unusual forms of lessons, because experience shows that during unconventional lessons it is possible to learn much less information.
Проведение математического турнира требует serious training on the part of both students and teachers. A mentor needs to think in details all the tasks that his students will perform. The tournament can be held in different ways. For example, students can be divided into 2 groups, and each of them will receive a certain number of examples. During their decision, students can consult with each other. Then you should call one person from each team to the board, give them a task to exchange examples and solve them on the board. The team that will solve more examples and tasks that were originally received by the opposing team wins.
This form of organization of the educational process canbe used in the study of any subject, but it is best suited for lessons in mathematics and economics. In this case, players are given the opportunity to simulate a situation in which it is necessary to determine the correct strategy of behavior, to choose the optimal solution.
In the framework of mathematical business games, studentshave the opportunity to try on the role of a person in a particular profession, to understand the importance of mathematics for his work. In this case, the student can not only master theoretical material, but also try to apply it in practice. In addition, such games are important as career guidance.
What is useful for non-standard Russian lessons?
Optional form of organization of the lesson of Russianlanguage should be classical. When studying linguistics, it is very important to experiment. This will increase the level of motivation of students, make them show more interest in the subject. In addition, in the framework of non-standard lessons in the Russian language, it is much easier to work on developing the communication skills of students. Many children are embarrassed to answer at the board, but from the spot during the execution of various games they are ready to show activity.
Forms of conducting Russian language lessons
Over mastering the basic rules of the Russian language,literacy of speech can work, using different methods and forms of the organization of the lesson. It can be lessons structured in the form of a business game, various press conferences, consultations, television lessons, lessons-seminars, competitions, excursions.
Кроме того, можно выбрать бинарный урок, в рамках which can assimilate knowledge in various subjects. It is best to prepare a lesson based on related disciplines. These can be Russian and Ukrainian, Russian and English, Russian and literature. Although other options are possible. Especially it concerns the lessons of the development of coherent speech. During their conduct, you can simultaneously develop not only the communicative abilities of students, but also their aesthetic taste, knowledge from the field of musical art, artistic culture, literature, biology, geography.
Features of the use of methods and forms of training
В статье перечислена лишь часть форм проведения lessons and methods that are used in the educational process. In fact, there are many more. In addition, every teacher is first and foremost a creative person. He can not only competently use the existing methods of training, but also combine them, invent new ones.
The teacher can experience various techniques insearching for the very form of education that contributes to the achievement of ideal results. It is important not to stop in creative searches, to know all the information about current trends in the pedagogical field. It is necessary to understand that all methods (except those prohibited by law) are good, so long as the children take the good knowledge and skills of independent work out of school.
With the knowledge gained, they can easilyenroll in higher education. Just do not overdo it, because teachers often in search of creative forms of organizing lessons forget that not only entertainment is important at school, but also children's high-quality knowledge. Teachers should be qualified to choose the method and form of the lesson for each class separately.