Мария Борисовна Осипова – известная the underground anti-fascist. She was active in Minsk. During the occupation, she organized the first underground group there. Helped to develop a plan and participated in the liquidation of Wilhelm Kuba (High Commissioner of Belarus). In 1943, she became Hero of the Soviet Union. In this article we will describe her short biography.
Maria Osipova (born Sokovtsova) appeared on thelight in 1908 in the Mogilev province. The girl's parents worked at a local glass factory. Maria started working at the age of 13. Like her parents, she got a job at a glass factory. The future underground worker also actively engaged in social and political work. Sokovtsova headed the district organization of pioneers. In 1924, the girl visited the 6th Congress of the RCYM, where she was elected a delegate. It was there that she became acquainted with Yakov Osipov, who eventually married.
In 1933 Maria moved to Minsk withfamily. There the future heroine submitted documents to the Higher Agricultural School of Lenin. Two years later she successfully graduated from it. In 1940, Maria Osipova (photo below) defended the diploma of the Minsk Law Institute. After that, she received a referral to work in the Supreme Court of the Belarusian SSR.
Start of the war
When the occupation of Minsk began, Maria Osipovatogether with AA Sokolova (lecturer of the Law Institute) organized the first underground anti-fascist group. Initially, it had only 14 participants. But by September 1943 there were already 50 active members in Ganna Black's group. The underground helped their prisoners of war, hid Jews, distributed Sovinformburo summaries and leaflets. After establishing contact with the partisans (in 1941), they were often involved in reconnaissance and sabotage operations. In the same year, the group was released by the Minsk Conservative Gorkom. Maria Osipova was appointed as a liaison between the leadership of the underground and several partisan detachments. Among them: the 200th name of Rokosovsky, "Zheleznyak", the brigade "Uncle Kolya", "Local", "Dima".
Murder of Cuba
Operation "Retribution" became the largest inclandestine activities of the heroine of this article. In the course of her liquidation, Wilhelm Kube, who was the general commissioner of Belarus, was liquidated. He was responsible for the death of a large number of civilians. At the heart of the operation lay the data obtained through the exploratory work of N. P. Fedorov. Using the information available, the deputy commander of the detachment "Dima" gave Maria Borisovna the assignment. Osipova was supposed to recruit an agent from among those who worked in the house of Cuba. Soon NV Pokhlebaev introduced her to a girl named Valentina Shutskaya. The latter was her sister Elena Mazanik, who worked as a servant in the house of Cuba. It was Shutskaya who organized the meeting of Mazanik and Osipova. As a result, the underground members persuaded Elena to their side. September 20, 1943 Maria Osipova, risking her own life, delivered a mine with a chemical fuse to the Belarusian capital. To not cause suspicion, the girl disguised her in a basket with cowberry. Then Maria gave her to Elena, who laid the explosives under the mattress of the general's bed. The device worked at night on September 22, 1943. Wilhelm Cube did not survive. Osipova and Mazanik as active participants in the operation were awarded the title of heroes of the USSR.
After the war
When the Red Army liberated Belarus,a successful underground worker returned to Minsk. There Maria Osipova, whose biography was presented above, was actively involved in the process of rebuilding the city destroyed by the fighting. Then she took up politics, headed the pardon department at the Presidium of the Supreme Council of Belarus. Maria Borisovna was also a member of the Republican Peace Protection Committee and the Supreme Court of the country. From 1947 to 1963 she worked as a deputy.
The great merit of Osipova is that she is activeparticipated in the process of rehabilitation of members of the Belarusian underground, who were unfairly accused of cooperation with the Germans. The woman vouched for several hundred people, who were members of anti-fascist groups. After retiring, Maria Borisovna participated in the veteran movement and was engaged in patriotic education of the younger generation. Osipova died in 1999. Her grave can be found on the Eastern (Moscow) cemetery of Minsk.