Kazakhstan is located in the central part ofEurasia. It is located in both Asia and Europe. In its length, the country ranks second among the CIS territories and the ninth in the world. It borders Kazakhstan at once with several countries: Russia (in the north and west), Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan (in the south) and China (in the east).
The state is divided into 14 regions and 2large center. The largest cities are Astana and Almaty. Of particular importance is the city of Baikonur, which is rented by the Russian Federation until 2050.
Kazakhstan gained independence in 1991., when the Soviet Union collapsed. The official languages are Russian and Kazakh. In form of government, the state is a presidential republic. Currency - tenge.
General characteristics of the climate
It is often asked whichclimate in Kazakhstan. It has very distinct features of a sharply continental zone. In January, the temperature ranges from -19 to +1 degrees, depending on the location. In July, the average figures are +17 ... +31about. The summer period is accompanied by a very aridweather; in some areas the temperature can reach the mark of +50 degrees. Winter is almost snowless and quite cold - the maximum figure that was recorded is -58about.
Climate-forming factors and climatic featuresKazakhstan allows to grow here more than 6 thousand plant species. In this area, water representatives of the flora can also exist, but they are the least. In the territory of the state the apple tree of Sivers grows, which is recognized as the ancestor of modern species of this fruit. It is mainly located only in Kazakhstan, which means that it is the local climate that is suitable for a full-fledged life.
The weather and climate in Kazakhstan are quite predictable,so you can give some tips on choosing clothes. In winter it is best to wear warm shoes, sweaters and down jackets. Do not forget about hats, scarves and mittens (gloves), since without them it will be hard. The weather is severe this season, and you can not do without additional protection.
Constant winds - this is how summer Kazakhstan can be characterized. The climate constantly contributes to raising sand to the atmosphere. Therefore, you need to take care of umbrellas, glasses or special raincoats.
Spring and autumn bring to life a constant and sharp change in temperature. It must be understood that at night it will fall by many degrees, so shorts and a T-shirt are better to change for something warmer.
Due to the fact that Kazakhstan, whose climatecontinental, characterized by hot summers and cold winters, it's easy to guess that dryness is the second name of the weather in this region. The state is famous for its long and large-scale sand storms, which mainly occur in the north. The sky is rarely tightened by clouds in the cold season, and in the warm.
Winter can be safely survived because of the minimumprecipitation. In the east, strong winds are most often blowing - the only minus of this period. The climate of Kazakhstan is characterized by almost no snow, although the temperature is able to "please" with too low marks. They can be explained by cold air masses. Snow, if it falls out, is not distinguished by huge snowdrifts.
If the southern winds come from Iran,then you can meet the spring. As a rule, they are detained only in the southern part of Kazakhstan. In May and June, moving air currents are rare here. July is characterized by pernicious dry-blood, destroying huge stocks of rural products.
Autumn is quite short, because in November it may snow, and the temperature will drop to -10about.
Climate-forming factors and climate peculiarities of Kazakhstan
The climate in Kazakhstan depends on several factors:
- Atmospheric circulation. The oceanic masses of air pass too quickly to the territory of the state (in just 3 days).
- Solar radiation.It is so large that it exceeds 2 thousand hours. At the same time, this figure is much larger than that shown by Moscow, being with Kazakhstan at the same latitude. This is due to a lower level of cloud cover.
The climate is influenced by other VMs besidesthose that come from the ocean. Wet temperate masses bring thaw in spring and cold in winter. And clouds can cause precipitation. Arctic VM contribute to a strong deterioration of climatic conditions. And tropical masses resume the regime of hot summer without a drop of rain. Here is such an amazing Kazakhstan, whose climate is varied.
Most of the precipitation falls almost in oneand the same season in spring and summer. The driest months are July and August. The longest period that was not accompanied by rain is the last month of the summer of 2012. There was no rain for 30 days. Every season, rainfall delights residents only in the mountainous regions of the state. Kazakhstan, whose climate can cause jute, is often covered with ice. It is because of this that the massive death of animals begins, because the grass is covered with frozen water - there is no feed. Snow is least likely to fall in the south and southwest. Record heights can be observed in the north.
Astana is the capital of such a large state asKazakhstan. The climate of this city is very interesting. The average annual temperature is no more than 4 degrees. In the world, this capital is recognized as the second in its cold weather. It is explained by the distant location from the ocean, which means that warm air masses are rare. Maximum summer temperature - 20about above zero. Most often, this mark is found in July. Wind speed (in meters per second) is 3.8.