О жизни первых правителей на Руси мы узнаем из The most ancient of the chronicles that have survived to this day are The Tale of Bygone Years. The activities of the first Russian princes are directly connected with the birth of an independent Old Russian state. Today, the study of the history of our country deals with a huge number of specialists in this field and just enthusiastic historical enthusiasts. The history of Russia is quite interesting, every year it reveals to us more and more secrets and presents more and more mysteries.
According to "The Tale", the ancient Russian princes leaddescended from the Rurik dynasty, whose ancestor is Ruric, was invited to the Russian land Ilmen Slovenia in the year 862. The first place of settlement and reign of Rurik was Ladoga, then his authority spread to all Novgorod lands.
The average life expectancy of male ninthcentury was no more than 35 years, this is mainly due to the rapid change of managers in Russia. Dying, the ruler transferred his powers to a close relative or a loyal soldier of his squad. A little later the reins of government the first Russian princes began to transfer to their sons.
It is for certain unknown whetherThe second prince in Russia was a blood relative of Rurik, his reign had a tremendous impact on the development of the Russian state as a whole. Oleg, who received the nickname "prophetic", became the first representative of the princely dynasty, during the reign of which the formation of Kievan Rus began. In 882 Oleg, the Prophetic Oleg captures the city of Kiev, which for many centuries became the capital and center of the Russian lands. Prince Oleg was actively engaged in expanding the territories of Russia, as well as strengthening its foreign policy relations with other countries. In 907, his army made a military campaign against Constantinople, the ancient capital of Byzantium, which resulted in the conclusion of two peace treaties, very beneficial for Russia. The feat of the prince was immortalized in his work "The Song of the Wise Oleg" by Alexander Pushkin.
Among the merits of the third Russian Prince Igor, who became the ruler of the country in 912:
- expanding the borders of the state due to the subordination of the neighboring streets;
- land development of the Taman Peninsula;
- victory over the nomadic Pechenegs.
Жизнь князя Игоря закончилась весьма трагическим in a way. As is known, the first Russian princes took part in collecting tribute (polyudya) from the tribes subordinate to them. In one of these campaigns to collect polyudya Igor was killed by representatives of the Drevlyane. After the death of the prince, the reins of the country passed into the hands of his wife Olga, since the only son of Igor, Svyatoslav, was still too small at the time of his father’s death.
The first reform of Princess Olga was the introductionthe exact size of the tribute for subordinate peoples, as well as the establishment of the main place of its collection. In 957, the ruler of Russia visited Constantinople and adopted the Christian faith under the name of Helen. The great event in the religious life of the country - the baptism of Russia (Kievites), which occurred in 988, was connected with her rule. Although it is impossible to establish the exact date of this event, it has been going on for several decades. Pagan Russia very reluctantly and slowly accepted another religion.
The main activity of the next Russian princeSvyatoslav was aimed at conducting military operations against the ancient tribes located in the immediate accessibility. On his account the destruction of the Khazar Kaganate, the war with Byzantium, a campaign against the Danube Bulgaria. Like his father, Svyatoslav was killed by representatives of the enemy tribes. In this case, the Pechenegs.
The first Russian princes were outstanding personalities.Take, for example, Olga. In the ability to lead this woman could envy a modern business woman. The Christian church called it Equal Apostles. At the same time, the chroniclers called Olga sly, and historians - wise.
Итак, династия русских князей – потомков Рюрика dates back to the middle of the ninth century. The first rulers of Russia were very fair to their citizens and cruel to their neighbors. If we turn to history, we can see that the formation of almost all the states of the world takes place through conquest and subordination of enemy territories. Ancient Russia is no exception. The first Russian princes were paramount to the expansion of the borders of their state, and only then thought about the well-being of the citizens living on its territory. The first half of the 12th century was marked by the beginning of the collapse of one big principality into fifteen smaller and separate lands, which went down in history as the “feudal fragmentation of Russia”. From this period, Kievan Rus as a single state ceased to exist.