Rich in minerals Volgogradregion. This Russian region has a great potential for the development of the mineral resource base, a large number of diverse natural resources. The main minerals that are stored in the bowels are gas, oil, magnesium and potassium salts, raw materials for the metallurgical industry.
Hydrocarbons in large quantities are located in the Volgograd region. Minerals are found in areas with high development of oil resources.
A total of 93 deposits have been discovered in the region, 63 of which are currently under development. Every year the region receives about three and a half million tons of oil.
According to experts, about two-thirds of all hydrocarbon reserves fall on new deposits. Virtually all oil in the region is extracted by the most economical way - a fountain.
Extraction of minerals in Volgogradregion is conducted throughout the region. In the northwest, large peat deposits were discovered: mainly in the Alekseevsky, Mikhailovsky, and Uryupinsk districts. The deposits of peat are located near floodplain areas of rivers.
The total number of such deposits is 16.As early as 12 (according to forecasts), peat may be in promising developments. The most probable and large-scale deposit is called Tryasinovskie Olkhi. It is located a few kilometers from the town of Serafimovich.
Peat is actively used in industry withproduction of organic, as well as organic-mineral fertilizers. It is an indispensable component in agriculture, also used as litter on farms and in cowsheds, well suited for heating of dwellings and outbuildings.
Non-metallic mineral resources
In order to understand in detail whichminerals are extracted in the Volgograd region, it is enough to read this article carefully. Actively develop the extraction of raw materials for the production of building materials. Especially often in this Russian region there are carbonate rocks. With their help, you can get lime, concrete or building crushed stone.
Relief and mineral resources in Volgogradareas are allocated to a large amount of sand. And it, in turn, is indispensable in the industrial production of silicate bricks, as well as many building mortars and mortars. Here, there is also clay, which is needed for making bricks from ceramics.
Non-metallic mineral resources mined inVolgograd region, occupy more than 50 only explored deposits. Only 5 of them are used. The rest are only licensed or ready for development.
The largest of these deposits arewithin the regional center itself, as well as in the Mykolaiv and Uryupinsk districts. Perhaps the most significant reserves are located in Sredneahtubinskom and Svetloyar municipalities. Thanks to a large amount of raw materials, the production of ceramic bricks is developing. On the territory of the region there are eight factories.
Claydite is also very common in the Volgograd region. Mineral is used as a filler in reinforced concrete products, as well as as thermal insulation in various backfill.
There is a lot of expanded clay due to the large amountclay rocks, they are the raw materials for its production. Claydite raw materials are extracted at ten fields. The total volume of estimated reserves is approximately 37 thousand cubic meters.
Those deposits that are functioning today,ready to provide the region with this raw material for the next quarter century. In the future, it is possible to open new deposits. At least, for this there are all the prerequisites.
Sandstones and limestones are used as natural stone materials in the Volgograd region. Mineral resources of this class are used to obtain building crushed stone and quarry stone.
Especially strong crushed stone is needed in productionconcrete. Crushed rock is carried from almost 20 prospected quarries. In total, such deposits, where the amount of minerals is estimated on an industrial scale, is more than 100. Only about half of them have been explored. Of these, two thirds are sandstones, the rest for carbonate rocks. According to experts, these fields contain more than half a million cubic meters of raw materials. Most of them in the Zhirnovsky, Klet and Frolov municipalities. This is where the main prey is conducted.
Carbonate-cement raw materials
Talking about what kind of minerals in the Volgograd region, we can not fail to mention carbonate-cement raw materials.
The base for its production is on fourdeposits specializing in limestone, another 12 are deposits of chalk. Explored reserves in only two regions of the Volgograd region (Frolovsky and Ilovlinsky) are estimated at 90 million tons. Of course, there are more such deposits. Most of them are just to be scouted.
Некоторые геологи даже утверждают, что The Volgograd region has unlimited resources in terms of obtaining carbonate-cement raw materials. So the production of lime here will continue to develop.
Volgograd region is one of the Russianregions where they produce the most cement. At the same time, the bulk of this building material is concentrated in one plant, which is located in Mikhailovka. To obtain cement, we need, first of all, such minerals as loam and chalk. They are brought from the Sebryakovsky deposit.
At the same time there are plenty of stocks of cement raw materials in the region. The bill goes to thousands of millions of tons, of which almost 90% are located at the Sebryakovsky deposit.
Silicic raw materials are also in great demand,it is called as a flask. It is received in the Olkhovysky, Kamyshinsky and Dubovsky districts in several fields. The total reserves of this fossil are about five and a half million cubic meters, and there are also undiscovered careers.
It is necessary to mention and about deposits of bentonite clays.
Useful mineral water
Currently in the Volgograd Region 6areas where mineral waters with balneological significance are common. That is, it is reliably established that they are curative, have curative or prophylactic properties.
In the region there are two types of mineral wells: hydrogen sulphide and chloride-sulfate.
Hydrogen sulfide mineral springs are mainlyare based in walking distance from the sanatorium "Kachalinsky", which is located in the Ilovlinsky district. The health resort regularly attracts holidaymakers from all over the region and even from neighboring regions.
Mineral wells of the second type (chloride-sulfate) are explored on five underground medical sources: Gornopolyansky, Ermanovsky, Dubovsky, Sebryakovsky and Ergeninsky.
The latter has been known for about 200 years.In its vicinity, one of the first mineral resorts in Russia was organized. And it was the water from the Ergeninsky source that was first bottled in our country. It is located in the Kirov district of the Volgograd region, near the village of Veselaya Balka.
Thus, we can be sure that the Volgograd region is rich in minerals. They are not enough for another decade.