The world economy is a multilevela global economic system that unites the national economies of countries in the world, based on the world division of labor using the international system of economic relations.
The world economy is a category that emergeddue to the international division of labor. This contributed to the division of production (the creation of international specialization), as well as the unification of the same production (in the form of cooperation).
The world economy is a set of fourlevels: international, macrolevel, meso level and microlevel. The main of them is considered to be a macro level that considers the functioning of large complex economic systems, to which national economies can often be included. The micro-level studies simple homogeneous systems with the relevant subjects (households and firms). This level is a structural element of the macrolevel. Components of the meso-level are complex systems that are part of national economies (for example, economic regions and industries separately). But the international level is based on the interaction of the world's national economies and the corresponding interethnic institutions.
First, has undergone certain changesthe general design of life at the international level. So, today the transition of the world to the multi-pole state from the bipolar analogue of it has been accomplished. The end of the cold war and the end of the era of confrontation between the two main political systems marked the beginning of the process of the formation of completely different values and priorities, and new centers of international life were established. Secondly, the world economy has changed the changes connected with the collapse of the Soviet Union. This, first of all, is due to the fact that the superpower ceased to exist. In its territorial borders, a number of independent states have formed, seeking to become full members in the world community.
- dynamics and level of development of the national economy;
- degree of its openness and involvement in the division of labor at the international level;
- the development and progressiveness of foreign economic relations;
- legal conditions for foreign investment;
- transnational corporations.