The Volga River is the largest river in Europe, the most abundant in Russia. It is the longest river in the world, flowing into the inner reservoir - the Caspian Sea.
Interesting facts about the Volga
The basin of the river occupies an area equal to half the size of Europe.
River Volga: a brief description of the geographical location
The Volga flows through Russia, onlya small sleeve Kigach goes to the east in the Atyrau region of the Republic of Kazakhstan. The Volga River (a short description for children will go below) begins in the Tver region near the village, which is called Volgoverkhovye.
The Volga, as an important trading artery of Eurasia,known to mankind for a long time. Having a great length and favorable geographical position, it was very popular among traders. As early as the 5th century BC Herodotus, an ancient Greek philosopher, mentioned it in his treatise on the campaign of King Darius to the Scythian tribes. He called the Volga Oar. In the ancient Arab chronicles it is listed as Itil.
By the 10th century AD, the famousVolga trade route connecting Scandinavia with Arab countries. On the banks of the great river formed large shopping centers: the Khazar Itil and Bulgar, Russian Murom, Novgorod, Suzdal. In the 16-18 centuries, such large cities as Saratov, Samara, Volgograd appeared on the map of the Volga region. Here, in the Zavolzhsky steppes, the rebel Cossacks and peasants were hiding. Giving a brief description of the Volga, it should be noted that at all times it performed an important economic function - it connected ports within the country and was the backbone for communication between different states. In the middle of the 20th century, after the formation of the Volga-Don Canal, the political function of the river increased - the outlet to the Azov and Black Seas, consequently, to the World Ocean.
Nature of the Volga basin
The Volga River is rich in natural resources.A brief description of the main plant and animal species is given below. In the water there are four types of plants: algae, aquatic submerged, aquatic with floating leaves, amphibians. In the coastal areas there is a wide variety of herbs (wormwood, sedge, mint, Althea, spurge), since the Volga delta is covered with extensive meadows. In the abundance of blackberry and cane. For hundreds of kilometers along the Volga there are forest belts with birches, ash trees, willows, poplars. This is a brief description of the Volga River, its flora.
The fauna of the river is also diverse.About fifty species of fish live in the water, including sturgeon, beluga, and sturgeon. The coastal expanses are densely populated by birds and animals. Special nature in the Volga delta, where the unique Astrakhan reserve is located. It is inhabited by many insects, birds, mammals and grows a large variety of plants. Some representatives of the fauna existing in the reserve are listed in the Red Book: mute swan, pelican, white-tailed eagle, and seal.
Major cities of the Volga region
The Volga region has an advantageous position and withgeographic and economic point of view. Nearby are the developed areas of the Urals, Central Russia and Kazakhstan. Provides settlements with water, energy, is the main river Volga. A brief description of the most vibrant cities is given below. On the banks of the Volga there are many large and small cities, with their own unique sights and amazing history. The largest are Kazan, Samara, Volgograd.
Kazan is the most beautiful and ancient city enteringUNESCO World Heritage Cities List. From the side of the Kazanka River - the left tributary of the Volga - you can see the Kazan Kremlin complex: the Annunciation Cathedral of the 16th century, the Kul Sharif Mosque, the Syuyumbike falling tower. The Kremlin is the main attraction of the city.
Samara is also a city located inmeeting place of three rivers - Samara, Juice and Volga. The main attractions are the bell tower of the Iversky nunnery, Samara Embankment, the historical center of the city.
Hero City Volgograd - one of the most beautifulsettlements of Russia. Of the many cultural and historical attractions of the city, it is necessary to mention Mamaev Kurgan, located on the banks of the Volga, Kazan Cathedral, the central Quay.
Smaller original cities and settlements with their historical heritage and cultural monuments are also located on the banks of the Volga.