In this article, we will not say thatIt is necessary to do and what rules to adhere to in order that your child is determined with further professional orientation. Practical advice on choosing a life path here you also will not find. We will try to maximally reveal a number of features that can prevent a teenager from solving this difficult task, but the environment needs only to try to avoid them.
Each of us has to face one day ...
Perhaps, in the overwhelming majority of cases, eachof us does not take any fateful decisions, guided only by independent conclusions. Often, we are helped by relatives, close friends and just people who influence our life and activities in general. Therefore, our decisions are based on the life experience and views of the representatives of society around us, whose opinion is of no importance to us.
The person making this choice is extremelyIt is important to make an objective analysis of the information received from the outside and from here to form our own conclusions. Close people, in turn, need to convey information in the most correct and convincing form to those who are in a difficult situation. Especially if this someone is a teenager, who determines his future life.
So, what factors influence the choice of the profession?Below we will try to understand this and maximally reveal this topic, which will be useful both for young people at the beginning of an independent life path, and for their parents.
The role of self-regulation in professional self-determination
The basis for choosing a profession isdirect vision of the surrounding world by the subject. And this means that the level of mental awareness of a person (in our case - a teenager) plays an important role in this path.
In other words, the child must be able to assessown opportunities and peculiarities of personal thinking with the goals that he sets for himself in the future. Such adolescents in modern psychology are given the title of "autonomously thinking", because they, like no other, can independently determine their own place in life and, accordingly, in the labor niche.
In order to find out how much a person is capable ofdetermine this important task, you can conduct a test to choose a profession that will show the level of self-determination of the individual with its results.
The influence of the family on the future specialty
However, often by the age of 16-18unable to have the proper level of self-sufficiency in order to determine its future path in the main activity without any problems. Therefore, the choice of the working profession in many families is based on collective coordination, weighing all the pros and cons. Sometimes this happens explicitly, sometimes only as an indirect influence on the child.
Often parents, without even realizing it,they impose one or another way of life on a child, and one cannot say that this position of vocational guidance (choice of profession) is correct from a psychological point of view. Whether this happens because of their own lack of fulfillment, or because this path is a tribal field (dynasty of teachers, doctors, lawyers). In general, the motives for choosing a profession are different. But this approach leads to the fact that the individual chooses not to like it: works in an unloved job or - worst of all - does not have any predisposition to this or that specialty.
Sociological aspect of the choice of life paths
What factors influence the choice of profession, ifteenager is not mature enough to make fateful decisions on their own? That's right, the opinion of peers and friends. Unfortunately, this problem has been frequent for many years (and is by no means modern) - the child, when making an informed choice, may not think about what will bring him pleasure, or about what he has a physiological predisposition to.
Довольно часто выбор рабочей профессии based on the commonplace reluctance to part with close friends. For a teenager, graduating from high school is always a psychological trauma to one degree or another. Therefore, if a close friend wants to become a famous doctor and leaves his hometown for further education, your child can go after him only because of indirect fear of loneliness. An example of this situation proves the fact that parents should intervene in the process of the child’s professional self-determination, but objectively.
Choosing a profession for schoolchildren - which is worth fearing
Often, each of us is prevented from living like this.called myths - established stereotypes, as a rule, have nothing to do with reality. This is a huge lump of information received, which accumulates over time and does not claim to be the truth in this or that matter.
Therefore, the motives of choosing a profession are oftenbased on these same myths. It often happens that a teenager (or even his parents, which is many times pitiable) does not have a clear set of data about a particular specialty. As a result, the opinion about the profession can be formed on the basis of its own subjective conclusions. Such conclusions have nothing to do with statistics, so the child goes to learn that profession, which, only in the personal opinion of his parents (and no more), is prestigious, more in demand on the labor market and profitable.
Psychological blocks and installations
What factors influence the choice of profession?Or rather, which of them prevent to solve this problem as correctly as possible? True - the psychological blocks and attitudes of a teenager, his insecurity in his own abilities, the fear of not meeting the expectations of parents or looking worse than his peers in the eyes of society.
Often this is due to the fact that the child is not afraidscore the required number of points for admission to the chosen specialty and lose a whole year in vain. Therefore, children often try to choose a fallback option, to pass exams for the specialty that is less in demand among applicants. For the near future, this picture looks great - a teenager is learning, there is no lost time. However, if you look at the situation a little deeper, then everything turns out to be more pitiable - a broken fate, an unloved profession, and, well, a job that does not bring any pleasure.
Therefore, it is better to think twice: is this lost year worth so much sacrifice?
Personal life and its influence on the choice of future profession
For modern parents is not news thatwithin 16–18 years, almost every teenager has his first love, heart experiences, and with them dramas. Alas, now there is so much information for today's youth that, already being at such a tender age, many of them are thinking about whether their future profession will stand in the way of striving for perfect family happiness?
Mass serials, Internet resources, literature -All this makes a teenager think about whether his favorite business will allow him to be happy not only at work. And again, I would like to assure everyone that all these conjectures are just another myth. Doctor to doctor is different, and lawyer is a lawyer. Whether your child will be a workaholic, how much it will give to work - only time can answer this question. Therefore, you should not even think about the interaction of personal life and work when choosing the future profession of the child.
Professor Klimov and his view on the solution of this problem
Dr. E. A.Klimov has been studying the issue of adolescent psychology and work orientation for many years, so he has his own opinion on what factors influence the choice of a teenager profession.
He derived a number of driving factors that directly influence the child’s self-determination regarding his future activities.
В первую очередь играет роль мнение relatives who are responsible for the further life of the child, both before society and before themselves. Therefore, on the factors' ladder, according to Klimov, the first step is occupied by the vision of the parents.
An important role is played by the inner circle of the teenager - his friends and comrades, teachers with authority who influence the choice of the child is somewhat less than the older members of the family.
And only after that are immediate plans.child and their own vision of further professional orientation, wishes and pretensions to a particular activity. And the last stage of influence is occupied by the abilities of a teenager, his mentality, the ability to practice a particular profession.
As we see, from a psychological point of view, a test forThe choice of profession in practice is not so popular among applicants. Since very few people think at the beginning of their own life path over whether he will like the chosen activity after a few decades, whether he will be given the job with ease.
And some statistics
В нашей стране достаточно развита система information support of applicants, so anyone can apply to their favorite institution of higher education and get the necessary summary of the facts for a particular specialty. But, as practice shows, from year to year, adolescents choose their future path completely spontaneously, without being guided by some kind of career guidance.
As a rule, two thirds of applicants cannotdecide to the last with the choice of specialty, but the rest are deeply convinced of their views, which are often based on the opinions of their elders and their closest circle.