What external factors affectemployee productivity? Such a question, of course, should be asked by any manager who wants to take care of his subordinates and increase monthly revenue. Unfortunately, obvious at first glance, the features often go unnoticed. So, for example, in enterprises both small and large, the norms of temperature in the workplace are often ignored. In this case it is necessary to take into account the fact that not every employee can work fully, freezing or suffering from unbearable heat.
Who regulates the weather at work?
Are there official documents regulatingsuch indicators? Yes, there are. This is the SanPin standard for temperature in the workplace. These regulations apply to all companies and all employees (regardless of the size of the company and its nationality).
All information in the norms can be divided into twomain blocks: temperature recommendations for different categories of employees and the employer's responsibility for their violation. Among other things, the norm of air temperature at the workplace is regulated by the 212th article of the Labor Code of our country, which states that the employer is obliged to provide favorable conditions and a regime for labor, as well as recreation of its employees.
How to protect yourself in the workplace?
What can an employee do ifthe temperature in the workplace is above normal? If a person realizes the real risks to his health in such a situation, it is quite possible to temporarily give up his duties. For this, it is necessary to draw up a formal written statement and transmit it to the higher management.
The document should contain information on how,that the performance of works stipulated by the concluded labor contract threatens for health certain risks. It would be superfluous to refer to Article 379 of the TC, which contains information on the legality of such intentions. If the paper is made according to all the rules, the employee not only will not lose his job, but will also retain all existing rights. However, do not overdo it in your desire to relax from work, it is likely that the authorities will offer you alternative options.
How to get around the law without breaking it?
Свои лазейки и обходы существуют и у руководства.The thing is that SanPin in its documentation specifies such a thing as "time of stay", and not "duration of the working day". Simply put, the employer is not always obliged to let the employee go home early, under uncomfortable working conditions, in order to comply with the law. He can take the following measures:
- Organize an additional break in the middle of the working day in a room with more acceptable conditions for rest.
- Transfer workers to another premises that meets the requirements.
Sanitary norms: temperature in the workplace in summer
Undoubtedly, most of all the temperature norm forthe workplace is worried by office staff, but what is the reason for this trend is difficult to say. It should be noted that managers, secretaries and other employees of intellectual labor are classified as workers with low physical loads. It is considered that the normal temperature for them should fluctuate in the range from 22.2 to 26.4 (20-28) degrees of heat. Any deviation from the established figures should lead to a reduction in the working day. The reduction scheme is as follows:
- 28 degrees - 8 hours;
- 28.5 degrees - 7 hours;
- 29 degrees - 6 hours and so on.
For a similar algorithm, the execution timeLabor duties in the office are reduced to a temperature of 32.5 degrees above zero. With such initial data, only one hour is allowed to work. At a temperature above the above work, it is absolutely necessary to cancel or move to another room.
Sanitary norms: temperature in winter
It should be noted that employees at the workplaceplace can suffer not only from the stuffiness and heat, but also from the cold (such situations are even more dangerous, but are much less common). What is the minimum allowable temperature norm in the workplace? To begin, we will discuss the algorithm of the day in cool conditions for office staff. The number of working hours for them begins to decrease from 20 degrees according to the following scheme:
- 19 degrees - 7 hours;
- 18 degrees - 6 hours;
- 17 degrees - 5 hours and so on.
The final mark of 13 degrees of heat means the work of an office employee in an unheated room for one hour, with lower performance indicators, it is necessary to cancel altogether.
It should be noted that the above normsThey extend exclusively to production and office premises, social requirements also exist, but differ slightly. For example, the recommended temperature for polyclinics is about 20-22 degrees.
Classification of all professions
The SanPin standards for temperature in the workplace are different for each category of employees. There are basically three main categories, of which two are also divided into additional subgroups:
- La. Power consumption up to 139 Watts. Insignificant physical load, performance of labor duties in a sitting position.
- 1b. Energy costs from 140 to 174 Watts. Minor physical strain when performing duties that can be carried out both sitting and standing.
- 2a. Power consumption from 175 W to 232 W. Moderate physical stress, the need for regular walking, moving loads weighing up to 1 kg in a sitting position.
- 2b. Power consumption 233-290 Tues. Active, but moderate physical load, consisting in constant walking and moving loads weighing up to 10 kilograms.
- 3. Power consumption from 290 Watts. An intensive load that requires considerable effort and impact. It consists in walking, carrying large loads.
Do not assume that the higher the categoryemployee, the more scrupulous are the temperature norms in the workplace in summer and in the winter season. In fact, the law demands that every person be protected very carefully. Moreover, people engaged in active physical labor, much easier to tolerate the cool, because they have the opportunity to warm themselves from the efforts made.
Where to go for help?
What to do if the temperature normsin the workplace violated, and the leadership continues to force employees to work? In this situation, the time that goes beyond the limits of the law cited can be considered recycling. And processing, as you know, should be paid in double.
Where can I complain that the rulesare workplace temperatures sporadically or regularly violated? Unfortunately, there is no institution officially dealing with this issue. However, if necessary, all of their complaints regarding unsatisfactory organization of conditions at the workplace can be sent to the local labor inspectorate, which can record the complaint and initiate proceedings on it.
In addition to the labor inspectorate, your wishes forOrganizing a comfortable temperature in the workplace in your company may be sent to the Federal Service, they will also help you to resolve a dispute with your employer.
The size of the punishment and its types
What punishment can a haplessemployer? The simplest is the usual fine, the size of which can vary in the range from 10 to 20 thousand rubles. Far worse for any organization is the temporary suspension of its activities, which can last up to 90 days. To avoid punishment, it is necessary either to improve the existing conditions, or to reduce the employee’s working day to the rate required in this case.
How to eliminate violations?
How can you achieve the required rateworkplace temperatures in summer? Perhaps the only effective way to solve this issue is the installation of modern air conditioners, as well as maintaining the current ventilation system at a high level. No open windows and drafts will not help to create comfortable conditions in the heat, but only provide the distillation of heated air from room to room. Another disadvantage of this method is the high risk of colds among people in the room.
With regard to the need to increase the air temperature, the most appropriate is the use of a central heating system.