In the railway sector there are manyprofessions. Some of them are all heard, such as a machinist, a conductor or the head of a train. But there are also little-known, but no less significant specialties. Among them is a car inspector who is an important link in the security chain on the railway.
The essence of the profession
The direct duties of the employee includetechnical inspection of wagons before dispatching the train. Many people saw people walking along paths and tapping a line-up. With the help of a special tool, the inspector analyzes the sound produced by the details. Thus, you can find a malfunction and correct it in time.
Among the main duties performed by the car inspector are:
- finding and troubleshooting of wagons;
- repair of running and braking systems.
Given the importance of the integrity of the entire staff, we can conclude that the profession is necessary, and work - responsible.
Responsibilities for proper instruction
Each profession assumes job description, which specifies the duties that must be fulfilled. The instruction of the inspector-repairman of wagons has the following list:
- The contents of the tool, through which the faults are identified, checked and prepared for operation.
- Inspection of the structure for malfunction and readiness for a further journey.
- Repair of the running gear of the car, its braking system, cardan drive, refrigeration unit, electrical equipment and heating without a car uncoupling.
- Ensuring the safety of the rolling stock during repair.
- Maintenance of technical documentation, fault reports and troubleshooting.
- Report on technical serviceability and readiness of rolling stock.
The essence of the work, which the car inspector is engaged in, is to identify and eliminate possible failures affecting the safe movement of the train.
Requirements for potential applicants
A common man in the street might think that the car -A simple device consisting of wheels and body. However, this is not the case. In reality, the rolling stock is a multistage technical mechanism that needs technical support.
Therefore, those wishing to learn the skill andTo get a job there are a number of requirements. It is necessary to be careful to notice the malfunction in time. In addition, you need to be careful and responsible.
The car repair inspector spends a lot of time on the street and deals with metal parts. Therefore, the candidate must be physically strong and have excellent health.
The profession involves the detection of breakage of partsby their sound. Consequently, there are increased requirements for hearing and sight of applicants. When passing mandatory medical examinations, the conclusion of a doctor - ENT and oculist - is of decisive importance.
How to become a car inspector
Admission to work is possible after special training. A car inspector may have secondary or primary vocational education.
During the training, the students study the devices and technical characteristics of wagons, both cargo and intended for the carriage of passengers.
The training program includes studyinga variety of methods and rules for the repair of wagons, the timing of troubleshooting and technical standards. In addition, it is important for the inspector to know how to protect the rolling stock during repairs and to maintain safety.
Elimination of errors in the operation of equipmentis made by a non-traction method. Therefore, the training program includes studying the types of cargo and the rules of interaction with it during preventive maintenance and troubleshooting.
Where to get a profession
They teach the profession in middle-level educational institutions. For example, the Moscow College of Railway Transport or the College of Railway Transport, located also in Moscow.
In addition, if the applicant already has any technical profession, he can pass additional courses that are coordinated with Rostekhnadzor.
Courses contribute to the rapid mastery of a specialty and are very in demand, due to the increased demand and frequent offers of vacant jobs.
The program is developed entirely based on non-technical documentation regulating the work of the inspector, where the important are:
- wagon inspector's instruction;
- instructions for safety standards during operation;
- safety rules and norms adopted in the transport of goods;
- instruction describing the norms and labor protection;
- rules governing the work at power plants.
After passing the exams it is possible to start working, gradually increasing the discharge.
Attractiveness of the profession
The train inspector is quite interestingA profession that has its obvious advantages and some disadvantages. Some people are attracted by a convenient schedule. Workers work day, night and then have two days off. Therefore, if you want, there is an opportunity to earn extra money.
For many, decent pay is important andThe privileges that work on RZD give. Depending on the category and the region, the cash premium is from 20 000 to 35 000, which is a good incentive in conditions of economic instability. It is worth adding here all kinds of bonuses and payments without delay.
Of course, the work does not involve the use ofwhite shirt and requires physical effort. But according to the old-timers, it's not at all difficult, if we thoroughly understand the intricacies and technical features of the cars. It is important to know the safety standards for the work in the prevention of faults and their detection.
Осмотрщика вагонов всегда можно узнать по a characteristic tool in the hands, called a hammer, walkie-talkie and a bag, where the patterns are. And he is necessarily dressed in a bright orange uniform for identification on the road.
Многих привлекает романтика, связанная с железной expensive, and friendly team of like-minded people does the work of a car inspector attractive for physically healthy people who want to devote working days to safety on the railway.