Work at height must be carried out with a specialcaution, because such work is extremely dangerous. Therefore, labor protection includes a number of rules that should be followed when organizing the work process.
Strictly adhere to the precautions necessary to ensure the safety of the person, so never should you neglect those requirements that are prescribed in the company's charter.
First of all, the rules for working at height requirefrom the climbers of compulsory medical examination. As a rule, for professions that assume work on the ground at an altitude of 1 to 5 meters, are: electrician, electrician, electric welder, etc. Medical examination must take place representatives of such professions, without fail, once a year. There are a number of medical contraindications, which may be an obstacle to the performance of man's stump work. Moreover, work at height should be carried out by persons not older than 60 and not younger than 18 years, who at the same time must have the qualification not lower than the 3rd level and undergo the necessary training. The main tool that saves from falling from a height at the time of operation is the safety belt.
It is very important that all employees passinstruction in the workplace, which includes a detailed explanation of the features of the operation of safety devices, training in compliance with the workplace in the required state and existing approaches to it.
All work at the height must necessarily be carried out by people wearing helmets, without observing this condition, employees are not allowed to perform professional duties.
Any action using pyrotechnic,pneumatic and electrified tools are not allowed to be produced from portable ladders or ladders. Ladders with upper platforms, which have perimeter fences, cradles, scaffolding, lifts, towers should be used for such purposes.
If the employee does not have the opportunity to secure the strap of his safety belt for the structure, it is necessary to use a safety rope or a vertical safety device.
If under the construction on which the actions are performed, live live parts under tension, the tool must necessarily be tied.
In certain situations, when the workplace, as well as approaches to it pass through current-carrying parts without fencing, they must be disconnected.
Do not work under wires that are live (high-voltage power lines).
Installation work at height should be carried out onspecially installed and fixed structures. Hinged ladders, platforms and other devices must be fixed on the structures to be mounted before they are lifted to the appropriate height in the design position.
The transition of installers between structuresit is necessary to carry out with the use of special bridges and ladders, as well as stairs that have fences in places where it is impossible to use safety ropes and safety belts.
Any installation of large-panel, prefabricated monolithic andmulti-storey structures should be produced according to a previously prepared project. It must necessarily reflect the specifics of the mounted structures with an indication of the technical methods of their safe installation. The documentation also indicates the exact location and positioning of the reinforcement, which is contained in the structural elements, and the maximum permissible loads that can be applied to it as a whole.
Instruction on labor protection for workers,who perform a number of actions at altitude, requires strict adherence to all the rules prescribed in it. The same is required from the leaders who are responsible for the activities of their subordinates.
Remember that compliance with all the rules that are prescribed in the safety regulations, will, first of all, save and secure your life.