Lermontov is a great Russian poet, playwright andprose writer, known throughout the world for his magnificent works, enriched Russian culture. In the classical literature of Russia, Lermontov takes the second place right after Pushkin.
Two of these famous names are related to each otheran invisible thread, because it was the tragic death of Alexander Pushkin, who died in 1837 from a serious injury to the duel, served as an involuntary cause of the rise of the poetic star Lermontov, who first became famous for his poem "To the Death of a Poet."
Analysis of Lermontov's poem "The Death of a Poet"gives rich food for thought. This poem, in the form in which we know it - consisting of three parts (the first part - from 1 to 56 stanzas, the second part - from 56 to 72 stanzas, and the epigraph), acquired its completed form not immediately. The very first edition of the poem was dated 28 January January 1837 (one day before the death of Pushkin) and consisted of the first part, ending with a stanza "and on the lips of his seal."
These 56 stanzas of the first part, in turn,conditionally divided into two relatively independent fragments, united by a common theme and literary pathos. The analysis of the poem "The Death of a Poet" reveals the differences between these fragments: the first 33 stanzas are written with a dynamic three-legged iambic and boil with indignation at the death of the poet, denouncing in it not a tragic accident, but murder, which was caused by the cold indifference of the "empty hearts" of secular society, his lack of understanding and condemnation of the freedom-loving creative spirit of the poet Pushkin.
Carrying out a further analysis of the poem "Deathpoet ", we see that the second part of the first fragment, consisting of the subsequent 23 stanzas, differs from the first change in the poetic size by the four-legged iambic. Also, the topic of the narrative changes from the reasoning about the causes of death to the direct denunciation of the high world and all its representatives - "slanderers of insignificant". The author is not afraid to throw, as A. Druzhinin put it, "iron verse" into the impudent face of those who do not hesitate to mock the bright memory of the great poet and man, as this detailed analysis of the poem shows us. "Lermontov wrote the death of the poet, without worrying about the consequences, which in itself is already a feat. While analyzing the poem "The Death of a Poet," the second part of which contains stanzas from the 56th to the 72nd, we notice that the sorrowful elegy of the first part is replaced by an evil satire in it.
The epigraph appeared only much later, when fromThe poet was asked to provide the Tsar with a handwritten copy of the poem for review. Analysis of the poem "The Death of a Poet" shows that this epigraph was borrowed by the poet from the tragedy "Wenceslas" of the French playwright Jean Rotrou.
It is known that all the court society itselfEmperor Nicholas the First "appreciated" the ardent creative impulse of the young genius, poured into a poetic form, as this work caused a very negative assessment of the ruling authorities and was described as "shameless freethinking, more than criminal." The result of this reaction was the initiation of the case "On impermissible verses ...", followed by the arrest of Lermontov, held in February 1837, and the poet's reference (under the guise of service) to the Caucasus.