Few know that money can be studiedhistory of the state. The ruling authorities issue commemorative coins, and in Kazakhstan. President Nursultan Nazarbayev is developing the republic and writing the history of the state. In the article you will learn what kind of money Kazakhstan is considered memorable.
Historical information about the Republic of Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan ranks ninth in the world withan area of almost 3 million square kilometers. The Republic of Kazakhstan is an economically dominant country in Central Asia, producing 60% of the region's GDP, primarily due to its oil and gas industry. The state possesses huge mineral resources and has access to the Caspian Sea.
The republic borders on Russia, China,Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan. The relief of Kazakhstan is diverse: there are plains and steppes, harsh taiga, mountain canyons and snow-capped mountains, and also deserts. Kazakhstan has a population of about 18 million, according to 2014 data. Given the large area of the Kazakh state, the population density in the republic is one of the lowest, about 5 people per square kilometer of land. Now the capital of Astana, it was moved in 1997 from the city of Alma-Ata (the largest city in the country).
The territory of Kazakhstan was previously inhabitedtribes of nomads. This changed in the XIII century, when Genghis Khan included the country in the Mongolian Empire. After the internal struggle between the conquerors, the power was eventually returned to the nomads. The Russian Empire began to move towards the Kazakh steppe in the 18th century and nominally ruled by the whole of Kazakhstan by the middle of the 19th century. After the revolution of 1917 and the subsequent civil war, the territory of Kazakhstan was transformed several times. In 1991, the Kazakh SSR disconnected from the Soviet Union and became an independent and independent republic.
Since gaining independence by Kazakhstan(1991) is run by President Nursultan Nazarbayev. According to official data, Kazakhstan is a democratic presidential republic. According to the results of the elections, more than 90% of voters vote for Nazarbayev.
Monetary unit of the country
In Kazakhstan, the currency - tenge was introduced. One tenge contains 100 tiyn.
In November 1993, a presidential decree was issued on theentering the national currency of Kazakhstan ", as a result of this, tenge was introduced to replace the Soviet ruble. One tenge was equal to 500 rubles. In 1991, a group of talented designers was assembled: Mendybai Alin, Timur Suleimenov, Asimsalay Duzhelkhanov and Khairulla Gabzhallilov. Thus, on November 15, Kazakhs celebrate the Day of Kazakhstan's currency. By 1995, the printing house was opened in the republic. The first batch of Kazakh tenge was printed not in the homeland, but abroad, in England. So the first coins of Kazakhstan appeared. The currency image can be seen below.
Commemorative coins of Kazakhstan
Special money is issued in denominations of 20, 100, 1000, 5000, 10000 tenge. Silver and gold exist in denominations from 1 to 100 tenge. Many of the 20 and 50 tenge jubilee years are made of nickel silver.
In 2016, on July 29, the Kazakh National Bankissued a new special coin of gold and silver, worth 500 tenge and 100 tenge from nickel silver. The coins are part of a series dedicated to Abulkhair Khan.
These coins of Kazakhstan are shown below.
All of them have a front and back side, on gold a portrait of the khan is poured out in silver.
On the front side there is a national coat of arms,coins worth 500 gold and silver, and 100 tenge are made of nickel silver. National ornaments are presented to the left and right of the number, the words "Republic of Kazakhstan" are written in Kazakh and Russian on the circumference. The bank logo is located on the top of the coin.
On the reverse side there is a portrait of AbulkhairKhan, intended for a banknote of 50 tenge, issued in 1993. The name of the ruler, the year of the coin and some graphic elements are arranged around the circumference.
Commemorative coins of Kazakhstan 500 and 100 tenge can be used as regular currency throughout the country.
In 2016, the mint of the republic plans to release more than 15 memorable copies.
The main unusual coins of Kazakhstan (list):
- Abulkhair Khan;
- Korean fairy tale;
- year of the Rooster;
- 25 years of independence of the Republic of Kazakhstan;
- exhibition EXPO-2017;
- 40 days to the child.
Not all are listed here, in fact there are many more.