Historically confirmed:The time of the appearance of the first coins in Russia belongs to the reign of Prince Vladimir Svyatoslavovich (end of X - the beginning of XI century). Since then, many times their appearance and denominations have changed. But practically at all times in everyday life were coins of Russia 10 rubles.
Imperial coins 10 rubles
In 1755, a trial coin with a face value of10 rubles. At that time the Empress Elizabeth Petrovna was on the throne. She also ordered to name the novelty of the mint "Elizabethan Golden". For a long time (until the reign of Paul I), much of this coin remained unchanged. For example, the design: five arranged in a criss-cross cartouche; located on the center of the state emblem and surrounding it Moscow, Kazan, Siberian and Astrakhan arms. The date of the coinage was indicated at the corners of the cross, denomination was denoted by words (ten rubles), not figures. The declarative inscription "Imperial Russian coin" determined the name, which was used for a long time: "Imperial". He was minted for ten years, and then from 1885 to 1917. Imperial and 10 silver rubles were equivalent.
A sample of 1755 was made of high goldsample, weighed almost 13 grams. Imperial coins of Russia 10 rubles, issued in different years of the XIX century, differed from their predecessors primarily by mass. Most of them weighed less than 10 grams.
Soviet coins with a face value of 10 rubles
In Soviet times, the much more widespreadhad paper chervontsy, rather than gold. Coins of this denomination were issued by a fairly large batch in 1922. But with their help, foreign trade transactions were mainly paid for, that is, they were quite rare on the territory of the country.
The golden Soviet chervonets, as well as hispre-revolutionary predecessor, weighed about 9 grams and was made of gold of the 900th test. However, the external design was called for active propaganda of the communist system. The obverse of the coin was decorated with the emblem of the RSFSR, and the reverse - with the image of a peasant-sower, made according to the sculpture of Shadra.
Gold production of the Soviet gold pieces was renewed in 1975 (250 000 copies). And then in the next 7 years, each year, one million coins of this denomination were minted.
In 1991, due to inflation, the lowerpar value absolutely not claimed. Therefore, just then, coins of a new type with a denomination of 10 and 50 kopecks were put into circulation; 1, 5 and 10 rubles. The front side was now decorated not with the emblem and the abbreviation "USSR", but with fragments of the Kremlin and with the inscription: "The State Bank of the USSR". These were the first coins of Soviet Russia, on which there was no coat of arms. And this is not accidental, after all, just a few days before the release, the Belovezhsky Agreement on the disintegration of the USSR was signed. Such chervontsy were in circulation for about a year. Numismatists call them "GKCHP coins".
The first chervontsi of a new sample
In 1992, the Bank of Russia began to mint coins.The coin of 10 rubles along with others (face value from 1 to 100 rubles) was issued in various editions, which often replaced each other in circulation. Chervonets was made of a copper and nickel alloy, its diameter was 21 mm. The front side was decorated with a two-headed eagle. The name of the country did not appear anywhere.
When due to inflation, "rubles" and "pyataki"practically not used, a 10-ruble coin became the smallest. By the end of the 1990s, there was a need to stabilize the circulation of banknotes. That is why the ruble was denominated. After that, all the coins again became widespread.
For several years they mintedthe combined coins of Russia are 10 rubles. They consisted of a white core made of nickel silver, and a yellow outer ring made of a copper and zinc alloy (brass). As a rule, coins with a face value of 10 rubles were issued by the Central Bank in limited editions, timed to any significant events.
What determines the value of commemorative coins
The value of a coin of 10 rubles is summed taking into accountmany factors. In particular, it depends on the age and state of the metal chervonets. It is also important, in which mint the coin is minted (SPMD or MMD). Analogues differing by this criterion can have absolutely opposite value. Another weighty factor: this is a rarity. There are special chervontsi, the number of which is limited to a few hundred. As a consequence, their price is very high. Coins that have not been in circulation are also much more expensive than their experienced twins.
Modern coins of Russia 10 rubles
In 2006, a representative of the CBR made a statement,that one of the nearest plans of the Central Bank is the replacement of banknotes with a face value of 10 rubles for coins of such value. In 2009, they are already produced in fairly large numbers.
Interest of novice numismatists to modernRussian coins are quite justified. Such a money can be easily found in your own wallet. It is these specimens that often become the first in the collection of enthusiastic people. Particular attention is attracted to commemorative coins, including 10-ruble coins. Some of them have a high market value, since they are very rare in circulation.
Even people who are not interested in collecting,as a rule, do not rush to part with the jubilee chervontsami. Most of them perfectly understand that after a while many of them can take off in price very much. Of course, this does not apply to coins issued in large numbers. Here we are talking about such chervonets, which were produced in small quantities.
Rare coins of Russia 10 rubles
Numismatists have a certaindiscrimination based on the list of coins that the collector has. For example, the "eighth level" can be obtained only if you have three valuable modern chervonets, which many specialists in this area call the PNT. This is a kind of abbreviation, because we are talking about coins that depict: the Chechen Republic (5000 rubles), the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous District (1000-15 000 rubles), the Perm Territory (2500 rubles).
But there are other valuable coins of Russia 10 rubles.The increase in prices for them was due to the emergence of a second wave of numismatists, who could not get the rarest chervontsi in their collections. It's about 10 rubles: Gagarin, Politruk, a series of "Ministries and departments of Russia."
One of the newest are chervontsi series"The city of military glory." This anniversary coins of Russia 10 rubles in 2014, which are issued in circulations of 10 million copies. In this series, the cities are immortalized: Vyborg, Vladivostok, Tver, Stary Oskol, etc.