It is difficult to imagine a dacha without a few beds,allocated for sowing onions. Today, before the summer residents is a difficult choice, because the variety of this vegetable is great. Among them bow Stuttgart Riesen - a worthy representative of its kind.
This variety appeared as a result of interspeciesselection. Maturation is early. An average of 70 days passes from the time of planting the seed before harvesting. The yield is high - up to 8 kilograms from 1 m². This bulb is round, dense, medium, large. The weight of one bulb can reach up to 200 grams. The taste has sharp notes.
Onions Stuttgart Riesen is high-yielding, hasuniversal purpose. It is well-frozen and thanks to the high content of dry substances it is perfectly dried. Suitable for canning and use in any dish, it is possible to leave for distillation. It is possible to plant under the winter.
Cultivate onions Stuttgart Riesen from seeds orSeva. Soil, the soil prefers black earth, loamy, fertile. Acidic soil is not categorically suitable for it. Seeds of onion Stuttgart Riesen can be sown in early spring or autumn. Autumn sowing involves compulsory mulching with peat or humus. The onion is sown to a depth of no more than two centimeters with an interval of at least 1 cm. After sowing, the soil becomes compacted a little.
Before landing the onion-sieve Stuttgarter Risenmoves, dried and withered bulbs. Positively, the germination can be affected by pre-sowing heating for 8 hours in the sowing (for example on a heating battery), scattered on a board with bumps.
For autumn sowing it is better to choose a small sekok, which until spring can simply wither.
Before planting, the onion is soaked in warm water,the temperature of which should be + 40 ° C. It can add potassium permanganate in the calculation of 1 gram per 5 liters of water. In water, the onion should spend from 2 to 6 hours, after which the water is drained, the vegetable is laid out on a film or sacking and covered. After such a procedure, on the eve of planting, some bulbs will be able to see roots. The depth of planting should not be more than 2 cm. The optimal distance between the grooves is not less than 10 cm.
Large bulbs in the long cold spring withtemperature not higher than + 15 ° C can give a flower arrow. Choosing the right time for planting is very important. In the early period, as soon as the soil allows, it is good to plant a small onion-sowk Stuttgart Riesen.
The presence of moisture during early planting contributes tomore rapid development of the roots, which, in turn, will keep the plant from bulbous fly. Landing can be temporarily condensed, for example, for sampling green, but it should be thinned no later than mid-June.
For landing on the pen, the rejected crocks will be used.Planting can be tight. The onion does not cover the ground, but is covered with a film. Watering requires frequent. To stimulate growth, one can feed urea once: 20 grams per 1 bucket of water.
Care and top dressing
Watering onions Stuttgart Riesen requiresmoderate. In the first month after planting, in the absence of rains, regular watering will be required. During the summer, the onion should be 5 times weeded and loosened, especially after watering. We should never settle.
If, 2 weeks after planting, the sowing is notthere is good growth, then it should be fed. To do this, a solution of Mullein or bird droppings. The second feeding takes place a month and a half after planting. This will require a bucket of water and 15 grams of urea and superphosphate, 40 grams of potassium salt. During the formation of bulbs, you can make a third top dressing. In a bucket of water we dilute 25-30 grams of superphosphate, 15 grams of potassium salt.
Pale color of the leaves may indicate a lack of nitrogen, premature aging and wrinkling indicate a lack of potassium, to the blackening of the tops leads to a lack of phosphorus.
To avoid the appearance of pests and inhibition of growth, it is not worthwhile to apply fresh manure to the plant. All three feeding should be done until July.
Cleaning the onion can begin if the feather is yellow,tie and fell. If you tighten with cleaning, then the decay of the leaf part, and subsequently of the turnip itself, can begin. Do not prematurely forcibly break the bow of the bow - the experience of gardeners indicates that this also provokes the rotting of the onion head.
To extract the onions from the ground, they dig it up.If the weather is sunny, then it can be left for a few days right on the beds, so it dries up. Then the onion moves under the canopy and is dried for some time. The leaf and root parts are removed. Bulbs with damage should be used immediately.
Onions Stuttgart Riesen is well kept only atfull maturing onion head. To do this, the leaves must completely dry out, and the neck should close. When preparing for storage, the neck is cut 3 cm from the bulb.
To store the nests should be poured into the wintersand. Despite the fact that the onion is well tolerated by cold, storing the sowing at temperatures below -3 ° C is not recommended. It should be ensured that condensate is not formed on the sieve due to a sudden change in temperature. Otherwise, it will start to grow and deteriorate.
Onions Stuttgart Riesen is in vain popular among summer residents. Good germination, yield and pleasant sharp taste provide him such a demand.