Today we will talk about a group of raspberry varieties,which have the unique ability to bear fruit even on annual shoots. We will present you the best repair raspberry varieties. You will learn how to care for them, trim, increase yields.
Repair grades - what is it
Если посмотреть англоязычные издания по horticulture, this name means "continuously fruiting," "fruiting in the fall," "autumn-fruiting." In our reference books gardeners for such varieties stuck collective name "remontant".
It comes from the French "repair" thatmeans - replenish, repair. Gardeners in Europe, America and Russia recognize that the best repair raspberry has become an addition to the main assortment of fragrant berries.
These varieties are known for over 200 years, but more thanold ones are distinguished by a small area of fruiting shoots in autumn. In the XVIII - the beginning of the XIX century, more than 20 varieties were described, and by the beginning of the XX century more than 60 varieties were already known.
Repair raspberry - growing and care
Ухаживать за малиной данных сортов не сложно.Like all plants, it needs watering, loosening the soil, feeding and weed control. Raspberry remontant seedlings love light and moisture. Their root system is located superficially, so during the dry season it needs regular watering. It should not be abundant, as water stagnation can cause the death of small roots. The bush will not die, but it will take about ten days to restore the roots. At this time there will be an acute shortage of nutrition remontant raspberry. Growing and caring for it requires careful monitoring of the moderate soil moisture.
When loosening the soil, try to be verycareful not to damage the root system. From the center of the bush within a meter radius, the loosening depth should not be more than 5 cm. To keep moisture in the upper layer longer, do not neglect mulching with peat or humus.
For the second – third year from the moment of landing it is requiredfertilizing with mineral fertilizers. In the beginning, immediately after planting, remontant raspberry grows particularly rapidly. How to care for her at this time? The plant should be "fertilized" with fertilizers containing nitrogen. In the middle of summer it is necessary to use complex fertilizers containing phosphorus, nitrogen, potassium and trace elements. The gardener calculates the amount of fertilizer based on the instructions on the packages and the level of soil fertility on the site.
The best repair raspberry varieties in the middle laneOur country in early spring, after cleaning the snow, covered with black film. Under this "veil" the sun's rays will warm the soil much faster, therefore, the vegetation will begin 2 weeks earlier than usual. Due to this, in the fall the yield will increase by 500-600 g of berries from each 1 square meter. meter repair raspberry.
In Central Russia, annual shootsThe repair raspberry is cut at the very end of October. But do not worry, if you did not have time to complete this work within the specified period, pruning can be carried out in early November. In the southern regions it is carried out until the end of November.
With this work is not worth it to hurry.It can also be done when the topsoil is frozen. It is possible to carry out this work after the first snow falls. All this time from the shoots to the roots of actively gaining valuable nutrients. This ensures the plant intensive development in the next season.
In some regions, pruning is transferred to the earlyspring What is different pruning raspberry spring? A repairing variety such pruning is necessary in areas with warm winters. In these areas, after the completion of fruiting, the plant still grows long and grows nutrients. If after you cut raspberry bushes in the fall, the soil does not freeze during 4 weeks, the germination of buds on the rhizome is possible. This will reduce the harvest next year.
Pruning raspberries in the spring (repairman in thiscase) is effective for areas with little snowy winters and harsh climates. Shoots that have completed fruiting will contribute to snow retention. When buds begin to bloom in spring, pruning will help the plant produce growth substances that are synthesized in young leaves. They are very necessary for the plant for spring awakening. This is especially true in the northern regions, where the summer is short and ordinary varieties do not have time to mature.
How to cut raspberry remontantnuyu
In the autumn, when the whole harvest is already gathered,shoots two-year-olds, which are actively fruited in the summer, are removed at the root. Too overgrown bushes free from unnecessary branches. In the spring from the bushes cut off the upper part of the branches (10-15 cm). Such a procedure is carried out only once a year, so that the raspberry jam is updated and gives a great harvest.
Many novice gardeners are interested in which varieties of remontant raspberries are better. We will present you the most common varieties. Perhaps this will allow you to make the right choice.
The best varieties of remontant raspberries, likeusually have large berries and increased yields. For example, the Polka variety bred in Poland. Today it is the most popular variety in Europe. The main fruiting give shoots of the current year. The plant bears fruit from the beginning of August until frost.
Shoots grow to 1.6 m. They are dense, do not bend under the weight of the crop and do not need additional support. Polka gives about 100 shoots per 1 meter.
Это отличный десертный сорт, который во многом superior grade Polyana. The berries are quite large, up to 10 g in weight, slightly elongated, dense, shiny, transportable, saturated purple color. Have a pleasant taste with sour and pronounced aroma. Productivity - more than four kilograms of berries from a bush.
This is a standard remontant variety. He hails from Poland. Fruits in the second half of August before the onset of the first negative air temperatures, on the annual shoots.
Bushes of this variety are powerful, undersized (notexceed 120 cm). Sprouts straight, they do not need the trellis. Growth, which appears in late spring, can bear fruit in the same season. Berries of medium size, conical shape, shiny, dense, dessert taste, with a pronounced aroma. Late autumn taste deteriorates.
Productivity reaches 6 kg from a bush.This variety needs weakly acid soils and good light. The first harvest appears at the very end of June, the second - at the beginning of August. Fruiting will continue until the first frost. In this case, the best repair raspberry varieties should be cut at ground level or completely mown.
This is a completely new large-fruited variety, differentStraight, sturdy shoots. The first harvest is removed in early August. Bush srednerosly, weakly-sprawling. The shoots are of medium thickness, by the fall they are painted in purple color, with a well-marked wax coating. Thorns are prickly and hard, sloping down, evenly distributed along the length of the branch. The plant has wrinkled, medium-sized, dark green leaves. Berries have an impressive size - up to 6 g, and sweet-sour taste. Variety yield - 2.5 kg from one bush.
When gardeners discuss the best repairmenraspberry varieties, many of them call this one. Variety bred in Switzerland. Differs in large berries of dessert taste and high productivity. Bushes bear fruit from August to October, on the sprouts of the last year - from July. The yield of an adult plant can reach 9 kg from one bush per season.
This is a strong, powerful plant.The bush does not require a garter. Berries are very large, shiny, bright red, having a conical shape. On average, their weight is 10 g. After removing the berries from the bush, it remains in its original form for up to 4 days, without losing its commercial qualities.
Indian summer – 2
Another new standard remontant grade.It is successfully used in both industrial and home gardening. It has a highly branching, straight-growing, non-runaway shoots. The berries are not too large (3-3.5 g) of pleasant taste, transportable. The variety is quite resistant to diseases. Differs in high productivity (3 kg from a bush). Most (80-85%) berries ripen in the first half of September. In the middle lane gives 90% of the estimated yield. Ripening begins in early August, strong shoots withstand the harvest well.
Rapidly ripening remontant variety, with berries weighing 5-6 g. They have an elongated conical shape. Characterized by excellent taste.
Fruits ripen in mid-August.Before the onset of the first frosts, more than 70% of fruits ripen. Berries do not fall and do not rot for 5 days. Surprisingly, the berries of this variety ripen, even if the branches are already cut and placed in the water. This remontant variety is perfectly adapted to drought and heat. Productivity - 4,5 kg.
Diamond - new variety
The best remontant raspberry varieties, to which this new variety belongs, often require a garter. The bushes are very sprawling, low. Have 5-6 arcuate branching shoots.
Crop begin to collect in early August.Ripe berries up to 7 days remain on the bush, not rotting. Productivity - more than 2.5 kg. The berries of this variety are conical in ruby color (up to 7.2 g). The surface is glossy, dessert taste, but without aroma.
This plant grows to 180 cm bushslightly sprawling. The berries are elongated, bright red, weighing up to 6 g. The taste is pleasant. Differs in high productivity - 5 kg and more from a bush. Begins to bear fruit from the end of July. On the annual shoots the berries ripen later.
Cap of Monomakh
The bush looks like a small tree, up to 150cm. It has 3-4 powerful, strongly branched, mid-nickle shoots. Spikes are mainly located at the bottom of the branch. Large berries - maximum weight - 10 g. Ripen in mid-August.
This variety is distinguished by large berries,precocity. Maturation begins in early August. Long berries do not rot on the branches. Crop exceeds 2.5 kg from a bush. Raspberry Eurasia is resistant to pests and diseases.
Large-fruited remontant variety.The fruits have a characteristic golden-apricot color of the berries. The bush grows to a height of 150 cm. It is rather sprawling, consisting of 5-6 wilted shoots. Berries ripen at the end of the summer. Productivity more than two kilograms from a bush. Fruits are large (6 g), having a rounded conical shape. They are unusually colored - when overripe, the color changes to orange. Taste is sweet with subacid taste.
Pretty "young" variety of repair raspberry,bred in Poland. Young shoots grow to a height of 150 cm, hard, with thorns. The berries are large, golden yellow, bright, firm, tasty. The variety is poorly resistant to pests and diseases.
Moscow remontant variety, which is used,to get a rich autumn harvest. Kalashnik berries are dark red, blunt-conical, shiny, not very large (2 -3 g). Sweet to the taste with a delicate “raspberry” aroma and extremely juicy flesh. They contain a small amount of seeds. Productivity is quite high - up to 3 kg per bush. Although, in the opinion of many gardeners, a Kalashnik with good care can produce twice the yield.
Ripens in early August. Between collections, you can allow a break of 5-6 days, because the berries do not spoil for a long time on the bushes.
Kalashnik raspberry bushes grow to a height of2.0 m. It is a powerful and spreading plant, formed by 10-12 shoots of substitution and 10 root suckers, which very quickly grow in the area. The shoots are thick, resilient and durable. They are runaway, the upper part is fructifying, covered with wax. Spikes are evenly spaced along the entire length. During the rest period, they are painted brown.
Great variety.During the period of ripening the bush is covered with bright, large, orange with a golden shade, sweet berries (3.5 g). The plant is slightly sprawling, about 150 cm in height, with weakly-sprung shoots. Its productivity is more than 2 kg from a bush.
Reviews of gardeners
Many gardeners of our country are not very goodRemontant raspberry is known. Feedback from those who already have such a plant on their site, enthusiastic. Many note the simplicity of caring for him. High yield of such varieties and sizes of berries amazes.