Fuchsias are amazing plants of the most artsyforms and color combinations. The greatest popularity they acquired from the florists of America, Europe and Asia. Beautiful flower Fuchsia, care and breeding behind which is quite simple, blossoms colorfully and magnificently, decorating both ordinary houses and strict office premises. It has been known for more than 300 years, and famous breeders are constantly trying to bring out new varieties. Fuchsias are in the form of growth, cluster and ampel. They are grown in outdoor vases and hanging baskets. You can form these flowers in the form of a bush and even as a sham tree. Often they grow them on loggias, balconies and in the open ground.
Soil for fuchsia
The soil used for this flower must benecessarily loose, nutritious. You can use a special primer designed for indoor plants, but with the mandatory addition of perlite, sand, vermiculite, humus. It would be nice to add coconut fiber and coal to it.
It is desirable from the end of May the plant properlybegin to feed. Suitable is a conventional fertilizer, produced specifically for flowering plants. It is possible to use fertilizers, which include potassium and phosphorus. The fertilization of fuchsia is affected by an abundance of inflorescences and foliage.
Feed this plant during the budding period,intensive growth, flowering, as well as before the cold winter period. It is advisable to do this with a frequency of 1 time for 10 days. At the same time, it is possible to alternate different fertilizing - either organic or mineral. From organic fuchsia Mullek especially likes. The smell will disappear as soon as the cake sinks into the ground.
Usually prefers scattered light fuchsia.Care and reproduction of this plant requires a place where there is no bright sun, and then the flowers lose the turgor and grow smaller from the hot rays. Small fuchsia should be highlighted with some kind of artificial lighting until they are slightly strengthened.
Reproduction of fuchsia
When reproducing fuchsia, onlycuttings. For this, the apical portions of the young shoots are taken up to 15 cm in length. For rooting, only stale water is needed. The flower growers noticed that a slightly prolonged rooting process in fuchsia would be faster in a container of frosted dark glass.
It can be carried out even in peat-humustablet. When doing this method, you need to soak the peat tablet in boiling water, and when it "grows up", make a groove to 1.3 cm with a pencil and insert a shank with 3-4 interstices.
Fuchsia: winter care
Fuchsia hibernate at + 10 ° C in any brightIt can be an unheated greenhouse or an unheated loggia. In autumn, the flowers are cut dramatically, while cutting off the elongated and weak shoots and cutting watering up to once a month. In order to ensure that the earth and roots are not supercooled, it is possible to insulate the pots with foam plastic or to put them in a box with small sawdust.
In recent years, varieties of such fuchsias have appeared,that even small colds can not survive without consequences. These are some fuchsia hybrids wintering on the streets in special areas with a very mild climate. Such fuchsia, the care and breeding behind which is slightly different from the usual one, is planted on land in late spring or in June. But in no way later, because fuchsia can not have time to temper before the onset of cold weather and develop fully.
The root system is buried in the soil for 12-20 cm.This is done so that in case of death of shoots, the roots and the root neck remain alive. This method allows the plant to recover successfully in the spring. But these plants blossom only in August.
Fuchsia: summer care and reproduction
+ 27 ° C for fuchsia is the critical upperlimit of vegetation. At a temperature higher than a plant, inflorescences are discarded, and sometimes even die. To prevent this from happening, the flowerpot should be taken deep into the room, wrapped in light paper or material. You can simply transplant it into a more bulky porcelain (ceramic) light color. Around the vase, ice should be spread out.
With these rules of care fuchsia will blossom in a magnificent color and delight you with its beauty.