Many people who have homes at homepets, are interested in the question of whether dogs have epilepsy. No matter how strange it may seem, the animals are no less vulnerable to this disease. The reasons for the occurrence of epileptic seizures in our four-legged friends can be quite a lot, but the most common are neurological disorders. Let's look at how this disease manifests in dogs and what are the main methods of treatment for today.
Итак, мы разобрались в том, бывает ли у собак epilepsy. But what kinds of this ailment exist? Epilepsy is congenital and acquired. Congenital or primary epilepsy is transmitted to the animal by genes and occurs approximately at the age of 6 months to 5 years. Epileptic seizures can last several minutes and are accompanied by seizures, saliva drips, involuntary urination and even loss of consciousness. When the seizure passes, the animal exhibits behavioral changes, a violation of spatial orientation and blunting of attention. As the statistics show, epileptic seizures happen with a 3-4-week periodicity. What is epilepsy in dogs, treatment, how to stop the attack - this and much more will be discussed later.
Secondary, or acquired epilepsy appearsin animals as a result of illness or injury. For example, epilepsy can be caused by poisoning with various chemicals or heavy metals, electric shocks, certain infectious diseases, head injuries and much more. In addition, the likelihood of secondary epilepsy increases greatly if the animal has an unhealthy diet.
What diseases can cause epilepsy?
Another common cause of epilepsy isoncological diseases, in particular, malignant brain tumors. If cancer was not detected in time, and metastases began, then this only aggravates the situation.
To diseases that are lessprovoke the development of epilepsy in dogs, include infectious diseases, hypocalcemia and hypoglycemia, impaired metabolic processes, cardiovascular diseases, malfunctions in the rhythm of the heart, as well as renal and hepatic failure. Epileptic seizures can also be caused by intestinal parasites in the body of the animal.
What external factors can cause epilepsy?
Many novice dog owners are interested in the answer tothe question of whether dogs have epilepsy due to any negative environmental factors. The answer is: they can. Such factors are quite a lot, for example, improper nutrition. Pets should receive a balanced diet, rich in vitamins, minerals and other beneficial substances necessary for normal growth and functioning of the pet. It is not recommended to overfeed or underfeed too much your pet. After feeding the animal must be fed. It is also not recommended to buy cheap and low-quality feed.
The likelihood of epileptic seizures increases dramatically if the dog is constantly exposed to too much physical and psychological stress.
Varieties of epileptic seizures
- Loss of consciousness. Convulsions may be barely noticeable or absent altogether.
- Intense seizures spread throughout the body. There may also be a loss of consciousness in animals.
- Focal motor cramps. May be accompanied by severe pain or flow without them. Seizures take place locally, not all over the body.
- Complex partial seizures.The main symptom of this type of epileptic seizures is behavioral changes in an animal. As for convulsions, they can either be completely absent or spread throughout the body.
Anyone who has a dog at homemust have an idea of each type of epileptic seizures in order to recognize the disease in time and take appropriate measures to save the animal.
How do epilepsy attacks manifest?
Signs of epilepsy in dogs have much in common withmany other diseases, so it is very important to be able to correctly recognize this disease. After all, the only way you can rid the animal of convulsions and alleviate his suffering. It is worth noting that only an experienced veterinarian can make an accurate diagnosis, but nevertheless there are some characteristic symptoms, based on which we can assume that your four-legged friend has an epileptic seizure.
Typically, an attack of epilepsy occurs in the following sequence:
- Anxiety. The animal may begin to whine or begin to rush around the apartment in search of a place to hide. In this case, the dog will be allocated a large amount of saliva.
- Cramps. In most cases they are accompanied by involuntary urination. In convulsions, the dog may even bite his tongue.
- Convulsions pass, but salivation remains elevated. In this case, the behavior of the pet will be uncharacteristic.
If a dog does have epilepsy, the symptoms will be as follows:
- muscle twitching on the face;
- cramps, which first start weakly, and then gradually spread throughout the body;
- loss of consciousness;
- increased body temperature;
- frothy discharge from the mouth;
- highly dilated pupils;
- hard breath.
It is worth noting that an epileptic seizure can happen at any time of the day or night, so you should know what to do if your dog has epilepsy.
Treatment of the disease
So, how to cure epilepsy in a dog?First of all, it is necessary to show the animal to the veterinarian, who will perform its examination and, based on the clinical picture, will be able to draw up a suitable treatment program. As for drugs, the pills against epilepsy, which are prescribed to humans, are toxic to animals, so giving them is strictly prohibited.
When pet owners facesuch a problem as epilepsy in dogs (treatment and how to stop seizures are the main issues that interest them), they do not know how to act in this situation. But trying to cope with the problem on their own should not try, because no good will not. The only correct way out in this situation is to take the animal to the veterinary clinic. This is due to the fact that each individual case is individual and requires a special approach to drawing up a treatment program. First of all, you need a comprehensive examination of the animal.
To treat epilepsy attacks in a dogthe most effective, in drawing up a treatment program, you must take into account the breed, gender, age, all vaccinations that were made earlier, as well as the manifestation of the disease. In particular, it concerns the type of seizures, their duration, as well as the time when an epileptic seizure occurred.
Therefore, the owner of the animal must in alldetails describe the vet attack. For example, it occurs before feeding or after, while walking or resting, as well as any other catalysts that can trigger an epilepsy attack. It will also be good to tell the veterinarian about all the diseases that the dog suffered in the near past, as well as what treatment methods and drugs were used.
As mentioned earlier, epilepsy in dogs(causes and treatment can be very diverse) requires an individual approach. After a comprehensive examination of the animal, the veterinarian will be able to make the most effective course of therapy. If the animal has a head injury, then a specialist may order an x-ray of the skull and an MRI. In addition, much attention is paid to the dog's reflex functions, visual acuity, tactile sensations, brain activity and the functioning of the nervous system.
Only having on hand a detailed clinicalpicture of the state of the animal, the veterinarian will be able to begin developing a treatment program that will be based on the individual characteristics of the pet's body. The veterinarian selects medications, calculates the dosage and frequency of administration, and also explains what measures to take if there is epilepsy in the dog, how to stop the seizures and alleviate the condition of the animal. In addition, a specialist will help you choose the most optimal diet.
What medications are most commonly used to treat epilepsy in dogs?
- «Фентонин» — обладает сильным действием и не has no side effects. The only drawback is the short action. In addition, these pills stimulate frequent urination and increase thirst in animals.
- "Phenobarbital" is another effective drug with a fast action. Among the main disadvantages, in addition to those listed above, is the increased irritability of the animal.
- "Primidon" - is available in tablet form and has the same pros and cons as the above listed drugs.
- Diazepam is an effective remedy for epilepsy, which does not cause any side effects. The disadvantage of the drug is that it increases the pet's irritability.
If epilepsy is diagnosed in a dog, treatmentmay be based on the use of a wide variety of drugs. In the event that none of the agents discussed above gave any results, the veterinarian may prescribe other drugs.
If you still found yourthe quadruped friend of epilepsy, it is important to realize the fact that the disease is completely not treatable, and therefore you will have to constantly fight with it. Not all medicines will immediately give the expected effect. It may be necessary for a long period of time to select an individual dosage that is suitable for your dog.
What to do when an epileptic seizure?
During a seizure in an animal risessalivation, therefore, so that it does not choke it is necessary to support his head. If the animal convulsed, and it does not turn its head, then it is best to leave the pet in that position. At the same time, you should not try to open your jaws and pull out the tongue, since it will not give any result anyway.
It is recommended to put a pillow under the dog's head.or any other soft item. Putting the dog's head on your knees is not worth it, as it can bite you. If there are any objects nearby that a pet may strike and be injured, it is better to remove them. To facilitate the course of an attack, open a window or door for fresh air.
If an epileptic seizure does not go onover a long period of time, as well as the dog's body temperature has risen strongly, it is better not to risk and immediately contact a veterinarian. If you personally take the dog to the clinic, then it is advisable to wrap it in a blanket. When the attack passes, it is desirable for the pet to provide rest, therefore it is recommended to close it in a separate room in which there will be no children and other animals.
Epilepsy in dogs is very common.phenomenon. This disease can develop for various reasons. But do not worry too much, because there is nothing terrible about it. With proper treatment, high-quality nutrition and proper care, the particular inconvenience epilepsy does not deliver to you or the animal. But to ensure all this it is necessary to completely examine the dog from a qualified specialist. Over time, you will learn to recognize the approach of epileptic seizures and will take all necessary actions in advance.